Islam_5-1

Islam_5-1 - Islam Sasanid empire: 224-651 A.D. s s s s s...

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Islam Sasanid empire: 224-651 A.D. s Guardian of Silk Road s Foe of Byzantine Empire s Continued old Parthian/Roman rivalry s Capital Ctesiphon (Mesopotamia/ near Baghdad) s Zoroastrian state religion Rise of Islam s Mecca Ka’ba Arabs and belief in spirits s Muhammad Born 570 A.D. Wife Kahdija (later another wife: A’isha) 610 A.D. “Night of Power and Excellence” s Angel Gabriel: Words from Allah s Quran (Suras= chapters/ not compiled until 650 A.D.) s (Later the Hadith and Shari’a: Islamic Law) s Believed last line of prophets (Moses, Jesus) s 622 persecuted and escaped to Yathrib s (Medina)= flight known as the Hejira Islam s Umma= band of the faithful Medina: birthplace of new faith s Islam= “submission” to the will of god (Allah) Muslims= “those who submit” s 632 Muhammad died Arab-Muslim armies and conquest: Jihad s Sasanians crushed Who to succeed Muhammad?: Issues s Abu Bakr (close friend): khalifa or Caliph (Caliphate) s Confirmed Religious Practices: Five Pillars of Islam
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course HIST 1111 taught by Professor Holmes during the Winter '09 term at UGA.

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Islam_5-1 - Islam Sasanid empire: 224-651 A.D. s s s s s...

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