Religion_and_empire_1-1 - Religion and empire Universal...

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Religion and empire Universal religions and common cultures e Increase in religious ferment throughout Afro-Eurasia West: Christianity India: Vedic evolved into Hinduism Northern India, Asia, China: Buddhism e Politics shaped religion and religion shaped politics Afro-Eurasian spirituality shaped imperial frameworks Western Europe and Christianity Eastern Roman imperium, Byzantium, and Christianity India, Hinduism, and Buddhism Central Asia, China, and Buddhism Classification e Social Order Castes e Brahmins (priests) e Kshatriyas (warriors/aristocrats) e Vaishyas (peasants/merchants) e Shudras (serfs) Guilds= Jati e Religion: Brahmin cult Alternatives: Jains, Buddhists, and Hindus Jains: e Vardhamana Mahavira (540-468 B.C.) e Everything possessed a soul e Ahimsa: nonviolence to other souls e Jainist monks and extreme ethics Early Buddhism e Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (born 563 B.C.) Kshatriya family: 534 B.C. Left home for “suffering” answers
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Religion_and_empire_1-1 - Religion and empire Universal...

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