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Unformatted text preview: Rome: ancient, republic, empire cont. War o 390 B.C. Gauls (Celts) Rome- 50 yrs to recover Subdue and master of Italy by 265 B.C. 9 Expansion of Rome Defensive just wars Legions: 5000 men 9 Three Punic Wars Punic Wars o Rival for control of Mediterranean: Carthage (former Phoenician colony) 9 North Africa 9 First Punic War (264-242 B.C.) Battle for Sicily Land techniques on sea/ships Roman victory 9 Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.) Hannibal 9 Crossing of Alps 9 Some gains Scipio: Battle of Zama= Roman forces conquered coastal Spain Roman victory 9 Third Punic War (149-146 B.C.) (subjugated Spain, Macedon, Greece) Destroyed city of Carthage and claimed their empire 9 Grain for Rome Roman triumph ensured preservation of political values 9 Roman empire in all but name Effects of Expansion o Transformations of Rome New rich: based now on talent, ambition, good fortune Old virtues to new ones Assimilation of Greek culture...
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