History_16

History_16 - Rome ancient republic empire cont War o 390...

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Unformatted text preview: Rome: ancient, republic, empire cont. War o 390 B.C. Gauls (Celts) • Rome- 50 yrs to recover • Subdue and “master of Italy” by 265 B.C. 9 Expansion of Rome • Defensive “just” wars • Legions: 5000 men 9 Three Punic Wars Punic Wars o Rival for control of Mediterranean: • Carthage (former Phoenician colony) 9 North Africa 9 First Punic War (264-242 B.C.) • Battle for Sicily • Land techniques on sea/ships • Roman victory 9 Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.) • Hannibal 9 Crossing of Alps 9 Some gains • Scipio: Battle of Zama= Roman forces conquered coastal Spain • Roman victory 9 Third Punic War (149-146 B.C.) • (subjugated Spain, Macedon, Greece) • Destroyed city of Carthage and claimed their empire 9 Grain for Rome • Roman triumph ensured preservation of political values 9 Roman empire in all but name Effects of Expansion o Transformations of Rome • New rich: based now on talent, ambition, good fortune • Old virtues to new ones • Assimilation of Greek culture •...
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History_16 - Rome ancient republic empire cont War o 390...

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