History_14-1 - Origins of Chinese Empire cont Qin dynasty and birth of empire r 4 247 B.C Legalist Li Si a key official in Qin(northwest China

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Origins of Chinese Empire cont. Qin dynasty and birth of empire r 247 B.C. Legalist Li Si a key official in Qin (northwest China) guided new Qin ruler 4 231-221 B.C. China united under one ruler: Shihuangdi= First Emperor Divided China into provinces/districts 4 Officials: civil servants accountable to him 4 Local nobles made to move to capital Legalism influence: army, surveillance, brutal penal code, regulated society (improvements and suppressions) 4 To improve: Standardized written language and laws, coins and taxes, weights and measures, width of roads and axle-width of carts 4 To intimidate: Grand inspection tours or realm 4 To suppress dissent: Banned study of philosophy and history, burned books, buried scholars alive 4 Used vast armies of forced laborers: huge cost of lives 4 Massive projects: 4 Palace Tomb (terra cotta army discovered in 1974) Great Wall 4 Assassination attempts 4 210 B.C.: fell ill and died 4 Provincial rebellions and chaos until Liu Bang assumed the Mandate of Heaven in
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course HIST 1111 taught by Professor Holmes during the Winter '09 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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History_14-1 - Origins of Chinese Empire cont Qin dynasty and birth of empire r 4 247 B.C Legalist Li Si a key official in Qin(northwest China

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