History_13

History_13 - Origins of Chinese empire cont Confucianism r...

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Origins of Chinese empire cont. Confucianism r To embrace the lost ideals of the early Zhou: A new moral framework Virtuous behavior of leaders and citizens and idealized the “noble- minded” public servant Merit over birthright Recognized Heaven but really an ethical philosophy o Analects and the Five Classics (compiled over centuries) focused on: Human behavior and Main virtues= Junzi (superior man) o Ren or “humanity” (compassion) o Li or “ritual” (courtesy, etiquette) o Xiao or “filial piety” (devotion to elders) o Envisioned hierarchical society o Implications for practice of governance Check against tyranny, leaders held accountable for actions o Mohism: Teachings of Mozi (or Mo Di) Emphasized practical concerns of good government Opposed wars of conquest Main appeal to city dwellers Daoism r The way that cannot be spoken Naturalistic philosophy Not organized institutions The Dao= The Way of nature and the cosmos Principle of wuwei “do nothing”
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course HIST 1111 taught by Professor Holmes during the Winter '09 term at UGA.

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History_13 - Origins of Chinese empire cont Confucianism r...

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