History_12

History_12 - Beginning = spring and autumn period Ended...

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Origins of Chinese empire New Chinese empire characteristics r Characteristics similar to other empires: Early Societies emerged along waterway City-states developed into larger domains Moral and Religious concepts developed over time Land united through conquest of a mighty ruler h Distinctive Characteristics: Outlook on Governance: h Held state officials accountable for public welfare h Revolts justified if rulers failed Worldview: reality as balance of complementary forces Production of paper and silk Professional civil service system: h administered one of most extensive, populous, and enduring empires Zhou Dynasty --- Xia then Zhang then Zhou Shang kings: became corrupt/oppressive --- Mandate of heaven and dynastic cycle b.c: king wu dynasty for over 800 yrs duke of zhou mandate of heaven dynastic cycle o 1 st strong leader arises/conquers o 2 nd pass rule to heirs o 3 rd rulers grow oppressive/corrupt o 4 th new hero arises and cycle begins again 2 nd periods o Western Zhou (1122-771 b.c) o Eastern Zhou (770-256 b.c)
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Unformatted text preview: Beginning = spring and autumn period Ended with the era of warring states Eastern Zhou r Zhou rulers developed decentralized Zhou regimes for territorial regions • Regime provided land and power to nobles • 771 B.C.: Legend of King You “games” • Heir fled to Luoyang and new Era: Eastern Zhou h Independent warlords • Competition of states h Commerce: Roads, Canals, Money • Canals: Ex. Grand Canal (Wu state/ Yellow to the Yangzi) • Silk Roads h Nomads: Horse riding/Crossbows, Iron tools/weapons h Ideas for Belief System/ Philosophy: “Sages” Eastern Zhou and Chinese Philosophy h Ideas to promote harmony and stability: • Ex. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism h Confucianism: • Foundation for ethical system h Noble-Minded Conduct and Familial Respect • Kongfuzi or Master Kong the Sage h Later known in the West as Confucius • Left no personal writings h Others wrote down- Analects...
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History_12 - Beginning = spring and autumn period Ended...

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