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History_9 - a Darius I(521-486 B.C • Usurper/boasted •...

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Empires and Common Cultures: chapt 4 cont. Persian Empire m Largest Empire (again) a Multi-cultural: Anatolian greeks, Phoenicians, Hebrews, Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Indians a Domination of east-west trade routes The meeting ground of the early classical world a Fostered a new religion: Zoroastrianism God (Ahura Mazda) and Evil Spirit/ Heaven and Hell a Paved Way for Alexander the Great a Homeland: Plateau north of Persian Gulf a One of two main pastoral societies: Indo-European Medes and Persians Medes joined Babylonians to overthrow Assyria: Median Empire=Anatolia-Afghanistan Persians overshadow a Persian Empire: (Achaemenid-ruling family) Indus Valley to Libya, Caspian/Aral Seas to Nile a Empire Created by 4 Kings: “King of Kings” a Cyrus II (550-530 B.C.): the great Allowed Jews to return to Palestine and rebuild Temple Cylinder: “Protect this land from rancor, from foes, from falsehood, from drought” a Cambyses II (530-522 B.C.) Ruled as Eyptian Pharoah (instead of foreign conqueror) Persepolis began building in 539 B.C.
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Unformatted text preview: a Darius I (521-486 B.C.) • Usurper/boasted • Minted coins a Xerxes I (486-465 B.C.) a Treated people better than Assyrians a Royal Roads Greco-Persian Wars a Patriarchal a Veiling a Decline: • Conquered by 330 B.C./ Alexander the Great • Weakened earlier: treatment not as good anymore a Egypt ended Persian control in 404 B.C. Ancient Greece m Terrain: a rugged, mountains, sea a Food: • struggle (ex. beans, olive oils, wine, cheese, rare fish/mutton) a Weather: • fluctuated a 3 Distinct Bronze Cultures: • Cycladic, Minoan, Mycenaean a “Dark Age” 1200-800 B.C. Archaic Greece: 800-500 b.c m Phoenician Sailors • Greek Isolation ends • New Ideas • Population Increase a Greek Polis: City-State • Acropolis (“top of city”) a Agora a Later the Parthenon • No sharp urban/rural divide • Fiercely Independent • New Warfare a Hoplites (Hoplite Phalanx) • Government a Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Tyranny, Democracy...
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History_9 - a Darius I(521-486 B.C • Usurper/boasted •...

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