History_8

History_8 - Empires and Common Cultures: chapt 4 cont....

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Empires and Common Cultures: chapt 4 cont. Aryans and New Indian Society m Aryan Age: 1500-1000 B.C. r Indo-European Nomadic Pastoralists Migrated from Iran or Central Asia After Harappan Collapse Brought Rich Oral Literature: Vedas r “books of knowledge” r Collection of sacred hymns to gods and thoughts about religion, philosophy, magic r Preserved and written down by priestly class Can infer from Vedas about Aryans r Tribal, class system r not as developed as Harappan r cattle raising r Militaristic r fought “inferior” indigenous people Aryan Age r Tribes: r Patriarchal Raja Lunar Lineage (Mahabharata): split up more Solar Lineage (Ramayana): stayed more in same area r Recreational: Dice and Chess Hashish, Wine, Music and Dance r Sanskrit (until later Hindi and Bengali) Vedic World r Settled agriculture led to more division: between those who controlled land and those that worked it r Castes: r 1. Brahmans r priests r 2. Kshatriyas
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course HIST 1111 taught by Professor Holmes during the Winter '09 term at UGA.

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History_8 - Empires and Common Cultures: chapt 4 cont....

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