2-History_4 - Microsocieties: Pacific, Aegean, Europe,...

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Microsocieties: Pacific, Aegean, Europe, Early Ancient Americans cont. Aegean Regions i Crete r Linked by trade and culture Fragmentation the norm r Time of migration Prime connective location r Minoans 2000-1500 B.C. Named for King Menos r Greek legend: naval empire, palace labyrinth with Minotaur, Athenian hero Theseus Roads, palaces, pottery, frescoes, bronze, Linear A (not deciphered yet) r Palace: Knossos r No real fortifications r Evidence of deliberate destruction around 1500 B.C. Religion: female deity focus but no priestly class r Small statues of women with headdresses and serpents coiling around them/ deities embodying forces of fertility Aegean i Mycenaeans: 1600-1200 B.C. Mainland Greece Borrowing from Minoans Linear B r Deciphered in 1952 (Michael Ventris notices it as dialect of Greek) r Learned mostly about lists, accounting, etc. (palace bureaucracy) Homer connection r 1876 Schliemann discovery r Hittite documents Palace but with massive fortification
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2-History_4 - Microsocieties: Pacific, Aegean, Europe,...

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