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Class 23 presentation - Analogies dealing with older...

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Need a thorough understanding of the Archaeological Record Through the application of a rigid theoretical framework What is the goal? Culture History or Culture Reconstruction What theoretical approach? Cultural Ecology Historical Materialism
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Data recovery and field methods are first step, but then the information must be interpreted Many tools applied to interpretation of data Analogy is one of the most used tools in interpretation of recovered data
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Process of logical reasoning An analog and a subject that share certain similarities and other similarities inferred based on first set of similarities.
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Similar environments Shared shape or type of artifact / social organization Configurationally similarities of artifact deposition The Direct Historical Approach: where descendant groups are used to infer behavior of ancestral populations
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Assumes that there is little or no change in behavior
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Unformatted text preview: Analogies dealing with older populations less reliable Cultures may be unrelated Inherently un-testable conclusions Direct application of the ethnographic record to archaeological interpretation Living archaeology/ethnographic studies with modern populations Behavior directly interpreted from the archaeological record A set of methods and theories that try to bridge the gap between past behavior and the archaeological record Recognizes the archaeological record is contemporary and subject to change Try to link dynamic cause (behavior) to static consequences (archaeological record) Application of controlled experimentation with material culture Recreate tangible materials under similar conditions of the past Can only provide insight into the past behavior, not a direct link...
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