lecture 1 - The question of Identity A Nation...

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Unformatted text preview: The question of Identity A Nation Culture   Stories and Sense of History   Language   Religion   Rituals of Daily Life   Arts and Creativity   Authority, Power   Rituals of Continuity Colonialism Assimilation Universal Declaration of Human Rights Political status Economic social Cultural UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION OF RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES SOLVING HAWAIIAN CHALLENGES PANELISTS INCLUDE: • KEALII GORA: HISTORY OF UN DECLARATION OF RIGHTS & ARTICLE 3: SELF-DETERMINATION FOR HAWAIIANS • LEHUA KA UHANE: ARTICLE 12: REPATRIATION OF ANCESTRAL BURIALS • L ILIKAL KAME ELEIHIWA: ARTICLE 14: HIGHER EDUCATION FOR NATIVE HAWAIIANS • K A PUA RENAUD: ARTICLE 20: HAWAIIAN WATER RIGHTS • U ILANI UWEKO OLANI: ARTICLE 26: REPATRIATION OF HAWAIIAN LAND • ULULANI HOPKINS: ARTICLE 31: HAWAIIAN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND TOURISM Overview of the United Nations   Established in 1946 * Support efforts of peacekeeping operations * Assist victims of disaster * Protect human rights * Advance international law * Eradicate poverty * Foster economic and social development * Support the rights of indigenous peoples Overview of the United Nations   LIST OF AREAS FOR DECOLONIZATION IN THE PACIFIC * ALASKA * COOK ISLANDS [1960] * HAWAIʻI * MARQUESAS * MICRONESIA [FSM 1986] * NEW CALEDONIA [KANAKY- PENDING] * NEW HEBRIDES [VANUATU 1980] * RAPA NUI Other Initiatives Established by the United Nations   1960  ­ International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  ­ International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights   1982  ­ Working Group on Indigenous Peoples & 1ST Draft of the Declaration   2000  ­ Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues A/61/L.67* UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION OF RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES PASSED BY 143 NATIONS AT THE UN ON SEPTEMBER 13, 2007 PANELISTS INCLUDE: • KEALII GORA: HISTORY OF UN DECLARATION OF RIGHTS & ARTICLE 3: SELF-DETERMINATION FOR HAWAIIANS • LEHUA KA UHANE: ARTICLE 12: REPATRIATION OF ANCESTRAL BURIALS • L ILIKAL KAME ELEIHIWA: ARTICLE 14: HIGHER EDUCATION FOR NATIVE HAWAIIANS • K A PUA RENAUD: ARTICLE 20: HAWAIIAN WATER RIGHTS • U ILANI UWEKO OLANI: ARTICLE 26: REPATRIATION OF HAWAIIAN LAND • ULULANI HOPKINS: ARTICLE 31: HAWAIIAN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND TOURISM A/61/L.67* UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION OF RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES SIGNED BY PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA ON DECEMBER 16, 2010 PANELISTS INCLUDE: • KEALII GORA: HISTORY OF UN DECLARATION OF RIGHTS & ARTICLE 3: SELF-DETERMINATION FOR HAWAIIANS • LEHUA KA UHANE: ARTICLE 12: REPATRIATION OF ANCESTRAL BURIALS • L ILIKAL KAME ELEIHIWA: ARTICLE 14: HIGHER EDUCATION FOR NATIVE HAWAIIANS • K A PUA RENAUD: ARTICLE 20: HAWAIIAN WATER RIGHTS • U ILANI UWEKO OLANI: ARTICLE 26: REPATRIATION OF HAWAIIAN LAND • ULULANI HOPKINS: ARTICLE 31: HAWAIIAN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND TOURISM UN DRIP PREAMBLE United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples The General Assembly, Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and good faith in the fulfillment of the obligations assumed by States in accordance with the Charter, UN DRIP: Preamble Affirming that indigenous peoples are equal to all other peoples, while recognizing the right of all peoples to be different, to consider themselves different, and to be respected as such, Affirming also that all peoples contribute to the diversity and richness of civilizations and cultures, which constitute the common heritage of humankind, UN DRIP: Preamble Affirming further that all doctrines, policies and practices based on or advocating superiority of peoples or individuals on the basis of national origin or racial, religious, ethnic or cultural differences are racist, scientifically false, legally invalid, morally condemnable and socially unjust, Reaffirming that indigenous peoples, in the exercise of their rights, should be free from discrimination of any kind, UN DRIP: Preamble Concerned that indigenous peoples have suffered from historic injustices as a result of, inter alia, their colonization and dispossession of their lands, territories and resources, thus preventing them from exercising, in particular, their right to development in accordance with their own needs and interests, UN DRIP: Preamble Recognizing the urgent need to respect and promote the inherent rights of indigenous peoples which derive from their political, economic and social structures and from their cultures, spiritual traditions, histories and philosophies, especially their rights to their lands, territories and resources, UN DRIP: Preamble Recognizing also the urgent need to respect and promote the rights of indigenous peoples affirmed in treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements with States, Welcoming the fact that indigenous peoples are organizing themselves for political, economic, social and cultural enhancement and in order to bring to an end all forms of discrimination and oppression wherever they occur, UN DRIP: Preamble Convinced that control by indigenous peoples over developments affecting them and their lands, territories and resources will enable them to maintain and strengthen their institutions, cultures and traditions, and to promote their development in accordance with their aspirations and needs, Recognizing that respect for indigenous knowledge, cultures and traditional practices contributes to sustainable and equitable development and proper management of the environment, UN DRIP: Preamble Emphasizing the contribution of the demilitarization of the lands and territories of indigenous peoples to peace, economic and social progress and development, understanding and friendly relations among nations and peoples of the world, Recognizing in particular the right of indigenous families and communities to retain shared responsibility for the upbringing, training, education and well ­being of their children, consistent with the rights of the child, UN DRIP: Preamble Considering that the rights affirmed in treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements between States and indigenous peoples are, in some situations, matters of international concern, interest, responsibility and character, Considering also that treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements, and the relationship they represent, are the basis for a strengthened partnership between indigenous peoples and States, UN DRIP: Preamble Acknowledging that the Charter of the United Nations, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights2 and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,2 as well as the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,3 affirm the fundamental importance of the right to self ­determination of all peoples, by virtue of which they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development, UN DRIP: Preamble Bearing in mind that nothing in this Declaration may be used to deny any peoples their right to self ­determination, exercised in conformity with international law, Convinced that the recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples in this Declaration will enhance harmonious and cooperative relations between the State and indigenous peoples, based on principles of justice, democracy, respect for human rights, non ­discrimination and good faith, UN DRIP: Preamble Encouraging States to comply with and effectively implement all their obligations as they apply to indigenous peoples under international instruments, in particular those related to human rights, in consultation and cooperation with the peoples concerned, Emphasizing that the United Nations has an important and continuing role to play in promoting and protecting the rights of indigenous Peoples, UN DRIP: Preamble Believing that this Declaration is a further important step forward for the recognition, promotion and protection of the rights and freedoms of indigenous peoples and in the development of relevant activities of the United Nations system in this field, Recognizing and reaffirming that indigenous individuals are entitled without discrimination to all human rights recognized in international law, and that indigenous peoples possess collective rights which are indispensable for their existence, well ­being and integral development as peoples, UN DRIP: Preamble Believing that this Declaration is a further important step forward for the recognition, promotion and protection of the rights and freedoms of indigenous peoples and in the development of relevant activities of the United Nations system in this field, Recognizing and reaffirming that indigenous individuals are entitled without discrimination to all human rights recognized in international law, and that indigenous peoples possess collective rights which are indispensable for their existence, well ­being and integral development as peoples, UN DRIP: Preamble Recognizing that the situation of indigenous peoples varies from region to region and from country to country and that the significance of national and regional particularities and various historical and cultural backgrounds should be taken into consideration, Solemnly proclaims the following United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as a standard of achievement to be pursued in a spirit of partnership and mutual respect: ...
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