Malinowksi - Franz Boas Bronislaw Malinowski Mead Benedict...

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Unformatted text preview: Franz Boas Bronislaw Malinowski Mead Benedict Victor Turner Mary Douglas C. Levi-Strauss Clifford Geertz Sherry Ortner - representative gure for recent anthropology Thursday, February 3, 2011 Social vs. Cultural anthropology Cultural Anthropology: Emphasis on symbolic forms and expression of culture - art and mythology Social Anthropology: Emphasis on social structures - structuralism Greater attention paid to kinship Thursday, February 3, 2011 Social vs. Cultural anthropology Cultural Anthropology: Emphasis on symbolic forms and expression of culture - art and mythology Social Anthropology: Emphasis on social structures - structuralism Greater attention paid to kinship Frequent overlap between the two approaches, overlap that has increased with greater recent collaboration between European and American anthropologists. Thursday, February 3, 2011 Bronislaw Malinowski The beginning of anthropological methods Thursday, February 3, 2011 Malinowski Polish/British 1884-1942 Established anthropological methods of research still used today - notably participant observation A controversial/polarizing Fgure - brilliant, egotistical, hateful, dazzling Thursday, February 3, 2011 Trobriand Islands Malinowskis home from 1914-1920 Thursday, February 3, 2011 Malinowski conducting feldwork in the Trobriand Islands - he emphasized participant observation and learning the local language Thursday, February 3, 2011 " Imagine yourself suddenly set down surrounded by all your gear, alone on a tropical beach close to a native village, while the launch or dinghy which has brought you sails away out of sight Imagine further that you are a beginner, without previous experience, with nothing to guide you and no one to help you. For the white man is temporarily absent, or else unable or unwilling to waste any of his time on you. This exactly describes my rst initiation into eld work on the south coast of New Guinea ." (Malinowski 1922, page 4) Thursday, February 3, 2011 Synchronic - events are grouped by their meaning (rejection of history) Summarized in three positions: 1) understand behavior in terms of the motivation of individuals, including both rational, 'scientiFcally' validated behavior and 'irrational', ritual, magical, or religious behavior, 2) recognize the interconnectedness of the different items which constituted a 'culture' to form some kind of system, and 3) understand a particular cultural item by identifying its function in the current contemporary operation of that culture....
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Malinowksi - Franz Boas Bronislaw Malinowski Mead Benedict...

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