Ortner, Geertz Levi-Strauss

Ortner, Geertz Levi-Strauss - Claude Lvi-Strauss, Clifford...

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Unformatted text preview: Claude Lvi-Strauss, Clifford Geertz, and Sherry Ortner The move from structuralism, to symbols, to agency Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Claude Levi-Strauss November 28, 1908 - October 30, 2009 French Kinship, myth and language Universal human grammar of/for culture Also interested in the symbolic Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Understanding of Culture - a lineage Benedict & Mead (culture and personality): Culture is personality writ large. It both shapes and is shaped by the personalities of its members Douglas & Geertz (symbolic and interpretive anthropology): Culture is the way in which members of a society understand who they are and give lives meaning Lvi-Strauss (structuralism): Universal original human culture can be discovered through analysis and comparison of the myths and customs of many cultures Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Structuralism Culture: Involves a variety of communicative exchanges in the areas of kinship, myth, and language These exchanges follow a relatively small set of basic forms or deep structures Structures that reFect a universal grammar of culture rooted in the subconscious - our drive/need to classify Introducing Lvi-Strauss (1998) Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Structuralism Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Structuralism Structuralism is the process of uncovering our unconscious orderings of cultural life Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Structuralism and anthropology Anthropology draws its originality from the unconscious nature of collective phenomena (Lvi-Strauss 1963: 18) The segmentation and imposition of form on inherently formless phenomena (like space and time) reFect deeply held structures from the bedrock of humanness (Moore 237). Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Structuralism and anthropology Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Structuralism and anthropology Understand the role of forgetfulness in a speciFc cultural context Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Structuralism and mythology Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Structuralism and mythology the elements of mythical thought... lie half-way between precepts (rules) and concepts (abstractions) (1966: 18). Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Structuralism and mythology the elements of mythical thought... lie half-way between precepts (rules) and concepts (abstractions) (1966: 18). Assumption that unconscious structures are to be found in myth Wednesday, February 9, 2011 Structuralism and mythology the elements of mythical thought... lie half-way between precepts (rules) and concepts (abstractions) (1966: 18). Assumption that unconscious structures are to be found in myth Thus, mythology can reFect the existence of fundamental mental structures that provide the organizing categories of cultural phenomena (Moore 241)....
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course ANTH 152 taught by Professor Cooper,n during the Spring '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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Ortner, Geertz Levi-Strauss - Claude Lvi-Strauss, Clifford...

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