Turner and Douglas - Victor Turner and Mary Douglas The...

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Unformatted text preview: Victor Turner and Mary Douglas The liminal space / the polluted space Monday, February 7, 2011 Victor Turner May 28, 1920 December 18, 1983 British An infuential Fgure in American anthropology Work looks at symbols, rituals, and rites o passage The liminal Monday, February 7, 2011 Rites of passage - liminality Limen- Threshold ...a conceptual tool for understanding special phases in social life when transition is the dominant theme (Moore 254). If our basic model of society is that of a structure of positions, we must regard the period of margin or liminality as an interstructural situation (Turner 1967: 93). Ndembu Monday, February 7, 2011 Rites of passage "...not so much a buttress or auxiliary of secular social regularities as a means of restating, time and again, a group unity which transcends , but to some extent rests on and proceeds out of, the mobility and conFicts of its component elements ." Graduation ceremony as example Monday, February 7, 2011 Rites of passage - signiFcance Monday, February 7, 2011 Rites of passage - signiFcance Individual life cycles : How culture defnes the signifcant phases oF a persons liFe. Monday, February 7, 2011 Rites of passage - signiFcance Individual life cycles : How culture defnes the signifcant phases oF a persons liFe. Life crises : The distinct phases oF the liFe cycle - birth, puberty, maturation, death, etc. - also occasional liFe crises such as illness... Monday, February 7, 2011 Rites of passage - signiFcance Individual life cycles : How culture defnes the signifcant phases oF a persons liFe. Life crises : The distinct phases oF the liFe cycle - birth, puberty, maturation, death, etc. - also occasional liFe crises such as illness... Rites of passage : The ceremony that recognizes successFul completion oF a liFe crises Monday, February 7, 2011 Life cycles When and how does a human becomes a person? What defnes a person in a specifc cultural context? DiFFering ideas about body/spirit, conception, maturation, aFterliFe,etc. Monday, February 7, 2011 Life crises Major life transitions occasioned by life crises Birth Maturation Death non-person baby person child neophyte adult person corpse spirit But also a process Fll with cultural difference/variety Monday, February 7, 2011 Rites of passage Help us pass through life crises that separate our lives into being different kinds of persons Turner - a process of separation , anti-structure (liminal), and reintegration Ordinary society Liminal (seclusion, transformation, anti-structure) Separation Reintegration Monday, February 7, 2011 Rites of passage Periods of transition during rites of passage or other rituals or during pilgrimages are similar in that they are neither here nor there; they are betwixt and between the positions assigned and arrayed by law, custom, convention, and ceremonial . As such, their ....
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Turner and Douglas - Victor Turner and Mary Douglas The...

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