A+Global+Perspective+of+Maternal+Health_1_

A+Global+Perspective+of+Maternal+Health_1_ - MaternalHealth...

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A Global Perspective of  A Global Perspective of  Maternal Health Maternal Health Dr. Leilani Brown
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Maternal Health and Mortality Maternal Health and Mortality Every day, worldwide, 1500 women  die from pregnancy- or childbirth- related complications.  In 2005, there were an estimated  536,000 maternal deaths worldwide.  MDG 5 aims at reducing the maternal  mortality ratio (MMR) by three  quarters between 1990 and 2015.  However, between 1990 and 2005 the  MMR declined only by 5%. 
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MDG 5 MDG 5    Improving maternal health is one of the eight  Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  adopted by the international community at the  UN Millennium Summit in 2000.  MDG 5 aims at reducing the maternal  mortality ratio (MMR) by three quarters  between 1990 and 2015. However, between  1990 and 2005 the MMR declined only by  5%.  In order to achieve MDG 5 the progress  needs to be accelerated.   Go to http://www.who.org and click on one of  the links to maternal mortality to see the  progress of this goal from 2005-2008.
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Poor Women are at Risk Poor Women are at Risk The incidence of  maternal death is  inequitably spread  throughout the world  reflecting the gap  between rich and poor.  For poor women in  developing countries,  the risk is greatest. Some countries in  Africa have a 50%  maternal mortality  rate.    A woman's lifetime  risk of maternal death  is one in 75 in the  developing regions,  compared to one in  7300 in developed  regions. In Niger one in seven  women dies of  pregnancy-related  complications.  By contrast, in Ireland  a woman's risk of  maternal death is one  in 48 000. 
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Why Mothers Die Why Mothers Die
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Causes of Mortality Causes of Mortality Women die of a wide range of direct  or indirect causes in pregnancy,  childbirth or the postpartum period.  Globally, about 80% of maternal  deaths are due to direct causes.   One major factor that lowers risk is  the presence of a skilled birth  attendant.
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Four Direct Causes  Four Direct Causes  of Maternal Mortality of Maternal Mortality severe bleeding (mostly postpartum  hemorrhage), 
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course FAMR 230 taught by Professor Brown,l during the Spring '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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A+Global+Perspective+of+Maternal+Health_1_ - MaternalHealth...

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