Childhood Obesity - Childhood Obesity in the United States...

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Unformatted text preview: Childhood Obesity in the United States and Europe By Kristi Furuta FAMR 331 Spring 2010 Used with Permission What is obesity?  According to the definition provided in Merriam-Webster dictionary, obesity is defined as a condition that is characterized by excessive accumulation and storage of fat in the body  The Obesity Society states that obesity is the most prevalent, fatal, chronic, relapsing disorder of the 21 st century. Obesity is a leading cause of United States mortality, morbidity, disability, healthcare utilization and healthcare costs What is BMI?  The most commonly used method of determining ones excess adipose (fat tissue) is by measuring body mass index (BMI)  BMI is a mathematical calculation that involves height and weight but without regard to family history, gender age, or race  To calculate BMI, you divide a persons body weight in kilograms (kg) by their height in meters squared (m 2 ) BMI cutoffs  Below 18.5 Underweight  18.5 24.9 Normal weight  24.5 29.9 Overweight  30 and greater Obese  40 and greater Morbid or extreme obesity The Obesity Society Statistics on Childhood Obesity Worldwide  22 million of the worlds children under 5 are overweight or obese  300 million people worldwide are obese and 750 million or more are overweight  In some countries, more than 30 percent of the children are obese news.bbc.co.uk/2/ hi/health/7151813.stm Childhood Obesity in America  Excess weight in infants and toddlers are defined as weight at or above the 95 th percentile of the sex-specific 2000 CDC weight-for-recumbent-length growth charts (independent of age)  Excess weight among children and adolescents ages 2 to 19 is defined based on BMI in regards to the 2000 CDC sex- specific BMI-for-age growth charts Statistics on Childhood Obesity in America  Between 16 and 33 percent of children and adolescents are obese in the United States  Unhealthy weight gain and lack of exercise can be attributed to over 300,000 deaths per year  The annual cost for obesity is estimated at nearly $100 billion Causes and Consequences of Obesity in America  Calories  Excess adipose can result from an energy imbalance, which occurs when consuming...
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course FAMR 230 taught by Professor Brown,l during the Spring '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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Childhood Obesity - Childhood Obesity in the United States...

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