Physical+Growth+and+Health+of+School-Age+Children

Physical+Growth+and+Health+of+School-Age+Children - by Dr....

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Unformatted text preview: by Dr. Leilani Brown Physical Growth and Health of School-Age Children Overall Health and Nutrition Middle childhood is one of the healthiest times for children in developed countries. Some challenges still exist, however. Nutrition and a healthy diet supports good health and the immune system. School age children should eat between 1600 and 2400 calories per day. Children should be taught how to choose healthy foods in healthy amounts. Brain Development By 7 years of age, the brain has achieved 95% of its adult size. Brain development is far from complete, however. The processes of myelination and lateralization continue in middle childhood. As the right hemisphere lateralizes, with peak activity occurring between 8 and 10 years of age. Spatial skills, controlled by the right hemisphere, improve during middle childhood. Outward Physical Changes The permanent teeth emerge in middle childhood. By age 12 all permanent teeth should be in place. Children change shape as their bodies grow taller. Body fat remains stable, giving children a slender appearance as they gain in height. The average North American child gains about 2 inches in height and 6 lbs in weight each year. Children show individual patterns and may vary as much as 4 or 5 inches in height. Cultural Patterns of Growth In North America most children receive adequate nutrition for normal growth....
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course FAMR 230 taught by Professor Brown,l during the Spring '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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Physical+Growth+and+Health+of+School-Age+Children - by Dr....

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