The+Birth+Process - L ABORANDTHEBIRTH PROCESS ATIMEOFCHANGE...

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LABOR AND THE BIRTH  PROCESS A Time of Challenge and Change
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A TIME OF CHANGE Labor and birth is an emotional time for  both parents.   Happiness and anxiety are normal and  may occur at the same time. It is not unusual to cry during labor or at  the time of birth. Labor and birth requires great physical  effort from the mother.  The father s role in supporting the mother  during labor and birth is important.
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DID YOU KNOW? It takes two years for the  mother to recover from  each birth. Births should be spaced  two years apart or farther  apart for this reason. In Africa, a region of  great risk for mothers  and infants, the maternal  mortality rate is as high  as 50 percent. In the USA, the maternal  mortality rate is low. Pregnancy causes the  mother to increase her  blood volume by 50  percent to accommodate  the needs of the fetus. The mother s body and  organs must keep both  herself and her unborn  child alive and in good  health
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THE ONSET OF LABOR Birth is a timed event that is a response to  biochemical signals from the placenta and  hormones released by the mother s body. The placenta releases CRH, corticotropin  releasing hormone which stimulates labor to  begin. Labor and birth take place in three stages. Stage 1:Dilation and Effacement of the  Cervix Stage 2: Birth of the Baby Stage 3: Delivery of the Placenta
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STAGE 1 Longest stage of labor. Dilatation and  effacement (opening  and thinning) of the  cervix (opening of the  womb).   Lasts 12 to 14 hours  with a first birth, and  4 to 6 hours with  subsequent births.
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