Abstract - Abstract: The Greeks had a word for it:...

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Abstract: The Greeks had a word for it: karcinos; but for hundreds of thousands of people world-wide, it is simply cancer. It is a word when uttered in a doctor’s office can bring a grown man to his knees, a sinner to the pulpit, or a parent to tears. It is the big “C” and as often as not is a death sentence to all it has touched. But there have been tremendous breakthroughs down the centuries and we shall take a closer look at what cancer (in general) is, what it means to have lung cancer, and what is being done about it in the world as a whole. Many lives are touched by lung cancer. It is the number one cause of cancer deaths in the United States among both men and women beating out breast cancer, prostate, ovarian, and lymph cancers combined. (Mayo Clinic) Why should this be? Are that many American’s smoking or (so-called) exposed to cigarette, pipe, and cigar smoke every year? There are those of course that have never smoked nor are around smokers that develop this very form of cancer. Let us explore more on this topic by breaking it down from beginning to end. Beginning our journey, let us first examine cancer as a whole. What is it? Where does it come from, and what is being done to stop it altogether? Cancer: What is it? Cancer is the common name given to a malignant neoplasm (a new, often uncontrolled growth of abnormal tissue; tumor). Neoplasm’s are divided into two groups: benign and malignant, although it has been noted that in some instances whether or not the neoplasm is benign or malignant (cancerous) is unclear. (Credo) The main difference between the two types of neoplasm’s are whether or not one will metastasize (spread) to attack surrounding tissues and even go to far parts of the body (malignant) or remain in one place (benign). Malignant neoplasm’s that arise from cells that are mesenchemyl in origin are known as sarcomas; whereas if the malignant neoplasm arises from epithelial cells and tissues they are carcinomas. Carcinomas will spread to distant organs via the bloodstream. Cancer: What causes it? Studies abound in the medical field, AMA journals are written on the topic, scientists and Oncologists treat it with great frustration and with little gratification, but where does it come from? As stated in the Appendix: even the mighty Greeks (via Hippocrates) had a name for it – karcinos; it is millions of years old (dinosaurs had it, cavemen have been discovered with it), and after all this time doctors can honestly state: “We don’t know what causes it.” Radiation in various forms is thought to be responsible for about 3% of cancer. In the United States, carcinogens in cigarette (el al) tobacco are responsible for one-third for all the deaths in men and 5-10% cancer deaths in women. (Credo)
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Your job could put you at risk for cancer: there are several carcinogens that you may be exposed to during your working life that may result in the development of cancer. For example, arsenic is associated with lung, skin, and liver cancer, while asbestos may be the culprit that causes mesotheliomas. Estrogen given to post-menopausal women can develop endometrial cancer (cancer of the lining
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2011 for the course HCA 240 taught by Professor Agnessamaniego during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Abstract - Abstract: The Greeks had a word for it:...

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