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Slide 2 - Slide 2 In the 1960s syphilis gonorrhea were the...

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Slide 2: In the 1960’s syphilis & gonorrhea were the only STD’s to worry about and they were easily cured 1980 -- 4 million reported infections 1990 -- 12 million reported infections Today, 1 in every 5 Americans between the ages of 15 and 55 is infected with at least one STD, most of which are incurable viruses Slide 3: Despite the fact that rates of STD’s in the US are 50 to 100 times higher than other industrial nations and cost taxpayers billions of dollars each year, the vast majority of Americans (especially the young) remain unaware of the high risks and terrible consequences of a whole new generation of STD’s that are easier to acquire and just as permanent and deadly as HIV / AIDS Complications of STD’s : Complications of STD’s Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Sterility Ectopic Pregnancy Blindness Cancer (from HPV) Fetal and Infant Death Birth Defects Mental Retardation Permanent Sores Slide 5: Once she is sexually active, a young woman is more susceptible to STD’s because the transformation zone of her cervix will not fully convert from columnar to squamous epithelial cells until she reaches her late 20’s. Slide 6: 1 in 4 teenagers will be infected with a STD before they graduate high school Each day 41,000 Americans become infected with a STD 27,500 of these new STD infections are contracted by 15 to 25 year olds each day (that’s 10 million per year) Slide 7: The most prevalent (wide-spread) incurable viruses (HERPES, HPV, & HEPATITIS) are transmitted by skin-to-skin contact CONDOMS provide NO clinical proof of effectiveness in their prevention
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WHY ? : WHY ? In the US the average 20 year old man has had 3 to 5 sexual partners Today’s epidemic of STD’s is the result of an increase in the number of sexual partners 1 - HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) & ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (AIDS) : 1 - HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) & ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (AIDS) Slide 11: WORLDWIDE in the year 2000 5.3 million new HIV cases 36.1 million people living with HIV/AIDS 3 million people died of AIDS 21.8 million total deaths from AIDS Slide 12: HIV/AIDS in the United States Over 900,000 people estimated to be infected The average time between HIV infections and the first sign of symptoms is about 10 years So between 200,000 and 300,000 Americans are infected but do not yet know it Slide 13: HIV/AIDS in North Carolina 23,770 total HIV/AIDS infections were reported as of 12-31-02 1,692 new HIV/AIDS infections reported in 2002 in North Carolina 5,606 additional people are estimated to be unaware they are carrying the HIV/AIDS virus in North Carolina Slide 14: In 2002, the number of reported HIV infections were as follows: In 2001, NC ranked in the top 5 states in HIV infections from rural areas ( WHERE WE LIVE ) 2 - CHLAMYDIA : 2 - CHLAMYDIA The most common bacterial STD infection in the US today Over 4 million new cases occur in the US each year
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Slide 17: Chlamydia is more concentrated among adolescents than any other STD 40% of all reported cases are in 15 to 19 year olds
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