week4 checkpoint - Pediatric Blood Disorders 1 A brief...

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Pediatric Blood Disorders 1 A brief review of anemia, sickle cell disorder and thrombocytopenia. Jerry Byrd University of Phoenix 11/19/2010
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Pediatric Blood Disorders 2 This a discussion of the three issues each individual has starting with the four year old female continuing with the africian American child and concluding with Richards symptoms. Here is a brief review of anemia, sickle cell disorder and thrombocytopenia. Pediatric Anemia. Anemia is the term for a reduced number of red cells in the blood. There are two main types of anemia, the first being when the body fails to produce red cells in sufficient quantity, and the second when the body loses more red cells than it is producing. The World Health Organization diagnostic criteria for anemia in children is a hemoglobin concentration < 11g/dL (110 g/L) in children aged 1-2 years and < 11.2g/dL (112 g/ L) in children aged 3-5 years. Since some laboratories use different criteria, these used by the reporting laboratory must always be quoted in the lab report. Anemia is caused by a number of different disorders, some of the more significant being as follows: Anaemia due to reduced red blood cell/haemoglobin production Bone marrow damage from tumours cells as in leukemia or secondary metastases. Bone marrow replacement by non hemo-genetic tissue such as granulomas resulting from infection Bone marrow aplasia. Iron Deficiency – common in the first two years of life, more common in urban areas and
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week4 checkpoint - Pediatric Blood Disorders 1 A brief...

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