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2 tími málfræði

2 tími málfræði

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2. t í mi S íð asti t í mi: Kyn nafnor ð a, greinis og l ý singaror ð a Í  dag: - l  og - n  endingar Þ rj á r hlj óð reglur Fleirtala nafnor ð a, greinis og l ý singaror ð a Samræmi nafnor ð a og l ý singaror ð a A-v í xl
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- l  og - n  endingar kk.et. No:   st ó l-l    stein-n Lo:  heil-l    hrein-n Structure: Vl+l, Vn+n  (V stands for a vowel) Only one consonant follows the stemvowel. The ending and the  consonant are identical. The vowel is always a diphthong ( ei, ey,  æ, au –  á í ó ý ú ) fjall, skinn     =>   hvk. :  fjall-Ø, skinn-Ø Twosyllabic words with  –l, -n  ending: the preceeding  vowel is not a diphthong:  lykil-l, himin-n. Explanation: In unstressed syllable the vowel can  never be a diphthong; it is always  a, i  or  u. Stressed syllable = First syllable.
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Saml ö gun kk. rau ð -ur boll-i g óð -ur str á k-ur kvk. rau ð -Ø task-a  g óð -Ø stelp-a hvk. rautt  h ú s (*rau ð -t) hvk. gott  barn (*g óð -t) Saml ö gun (assimiliation) ð t  ->  tt rau ð +t -> rautt, g óð +t   gott Hlj óð regla: ð  (stofn) +  t  (ending hvk. et.)    tt
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Brottfall  t kk.   hv í t-ur b á t-ur   svart-ur b á t-ur hvk.  hv í t-t h ú s-Ø    svart  h ú s-Ø Brottfall  t  (elision of  t ) svart+t   svart Hlj óð regla: C t  (stofn) +  (ending hvk.et.)   C t (C = consonant)
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Brottfall  d kk.    vond-ur mat-ur hvk.   von-t   brau ð -Ø   (*vond-t) kk.    kald-ur mat-ur kvk.   kal-t  kj ö t-Ø     (*kald-t) Brottfall d á eftir n eða l vond+t vont kald+t kalt Hljóðregla: d  (stofn)  á  eftir  n  e ð l  fellur brott  á  undan +  t  (ending hvk. et.)
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Nafnor ð Fleirtala karlkyn Et.
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