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6 tími málfræði

6 tími málfræði

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6. t í mi S íð asti t í mi: Fallstj ó rn Pers ó nuforn ö fn Í  dag: Or ð ar öð Eignarsamb ö nd: Sagnirnar  eiga, hafa, vera  me ð Eignarforn ö fn
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Or ð ar öð Frumlag + s ö gn + andlag - Venjuleg or ð ar öð 1) Konan hj á lpar stelpunni       nf.      + þ gf.    þ gf. 2) Stelpan hj á lpar konunni    nf.         + þ gf.     þ gf. Andlag + s ö gn + frumlag   -  Ö fug or ð ar öð 3) Stelpunni hj á lpar konan       þ gf. nf. 4) Konunni hj á lpar stelpan       þ gf.                       nf. Sama merking: Ekki sama merking:    1) = 3) 1)   4)    2) = 4) 2)   3)
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Spurnarsetningar og sv ö r S ö gn + frumlag + (neitun) + andlag Bor ð ar Anna ostinn? Gefur J ó n str á knum hest? Sefur Snorri? J á , Snorri sefur – Nei, Snorri sefur ekki Sefur Snorri  ekki ? J ú , Snorri sefur
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Neitandi setningar Sefur Snorri? Nei, hann sefur ekki. Neitun  á  eftir s ö gn Bor ð ar Anna ostinn? Nei, h ú n bor ð ar ekki  ostinn . Andlagi ð  er no.: – frumlag + s ö gn + neitun + andlag Nei, h ú n bor ð ar  hann  ekki. Andlagi ð  er pfn.: – frumlag + s ö gn + andlag + neitun
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eiga, hafa, vera me ð The verbs  eiga, hafa, vera me ð  all  correspond the verb  have  in English. Three different verbs in Icelandic – one in  English.  Certain rules for the usage of each of the  three different verbs. They are not interchangeble.
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eiga       et.        flt. 1.p.   é á    vi ð  eigum 2.p.   þú   á tt   þ i ð  eigi ð 3.p.  hann/h ú n/ þ a ð   á   þ eir/ þ ær/ þ au eiga St ý rir  þ f. Þ au eiga b í linn
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Notkun  eiga 1) The object is a thing owned by the person  referred to by the subject.
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