Clinical Health Psych Lecture Notes

Clinical Health Psych Lecture Notes -...

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Clinical Health Lecture#2 1/6 00:34 Quiz next Tue: Greenberg Reading II. Other important concepts: A. Biopsychosocial Model (George Engels) B. Systems Theory (von Bertalanffy 1968) -> posting online i. Nature is organized in terms of a hierarchy of units reflecting a continuum  of complexity ii. Units range from those who are small and less complex, to those who are  large, complex and super ordinate to those lower in the hierarchy. iii. Each units represents a system with its own distinct qualities, organization  and methods of study iv. Each system is a component of the higher system that can exert both  downward and upward effects ni the hierarchy. (systems are  interdependent, understanding only comes from understandings of the  system above and below it) C. Tend and Befriend (Taylor, Klein, Lewis, et al. 2000) i. Females respond to stressful situations different than males with fight or  flight, more often than not, females responses to stress are in protecting  self, their young through nurturing features (behaviors) and forming  alliances with a larger social group. III. Stress Management and Interventions A. Good (eustress) stressors and bad (distress) stressors (not universal in content  or impact, more individualized) B. Impact of stressors and stress (is stress always a bad thing? No) i. Negative 1. Physical or psychological pain/discomfort/strain 2. Psychophysiological disease, psychosomatic disease 3. Mental Illness (PTSD etc.) ii. Positive (bus coming towards you ex.) 1.Preservation/ Survival 2. Performance (increase) 3. Pleasure (adrenaline rush) 4. Motivation
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C. Goals          i. Not to eliminate all stress ii. Limit harmful effects of stress iii. Too little stress can be harmful D.Efficacy ii. Majority of self-initiated and self-propagated (ie: appraisal) iii. Research supports success D. Basic concepts in intervention i. Prevention and treatment used by Psychologists ii. Herbert Benson: “Relaxation response” coined; stress response’s ability to  shut off Short Self Quiz: Physiological: emotional regulation- Limbic System o Stress reactivity pathways activated by- Hypothalamus o Two divisions of the automatic nervous system- sympathetic/  parasympathetic o Of those two, which is involved in the conservation of energy-  parasympathetic o Pituitary Gland- Brain (1) o Adrenal Gland- (3) Reproductive organs o Thyroid Gland- (2) Throat HPAC stands for: Hypothalamic, Pituitary, Adrenal Cortical Presence of “Vasopresen” do for the stress response? Increase water  retention and greater blood volume Another name for epinephrine? Adrenaline Physiology of the Stress Response:
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I. Stressors perceived by our senses (internal/ external/ perceived/felt; real or 
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Clinical Health Psych Lecture Notes -...

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