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History 111 Week 7 - H istory 111 Week 7 in Class Notes The...

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History 111 Week 7 in Class Notes The Franks -Germanic people that inhabited the delta lands at the mouth of the Rhine river -known as federati to the later Roman Empire -in other words, they were allowed to occupy lands on the other side of the Rhine frontier -The Roman Empire traded with them, and used them as a buffer between Gaul and more militant Germans -During the fifth century, as the Empire collabpsed they migrated to the rich agricultural lands of northern France Frankish Independence -by 453, due to some political intrigue between the Romans and the leaders of the Franks, the Franks threw off their federated status and renounced alliance with Rome -In 476, Germanic warlord Odovacor deposed last Roman Emperor…Franks totally free to pursue their own aims in northern Europe Advent of Clovis - Franks originally barbarian pagans -worshipped a pantheon of gods Wotan: the sky God Tew: the warrior God Thor: the thunder God -origin of some of our days -all kinds and chieftains claimed ancestry to Wotan, the sky god and sort of king of the gods -in 481, one fifteen year old chieftain, Clovis, became king of one small group of Franks -killed off rival family members -brought other Frankis tribes under his rule in five years -486: set up capital at Paris, Isle de France Expansion of Francs under Clovis -in 496, Clovis prepared for battle against the Burgundians, another Germanic group -Heavily outnumbered, Clovis took an oath to become catholic Christian if victorious -He was, and was one of the first of the Germanic kinds to adopt Christianity -He expanded his control to most of modern France -He died in 511, and at the point his kingdom was divided between his sons Merovingian Dynasty
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-Clovis, in his life, declared an ancestry both coming from Wotan and from a grandfather, Merovech -nothing is known about Merovech, possibly a mythic figure? -they dynasty founded by Clovis used his name as their name, Merovingians -sons of Clovis: Theuderic, Chlodomir, Childebert, Chlotar -no real succession of power -Generally worked together, but Chlotar emerged as the leader of the group by 561 -At Chlotar’s death, kingdom divided again between four brothers…this time they didn’t get along End of Merovingians
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