History 111 Week 10 In Class Notes

History 111 Week 10 In Class Notes - H istory 111 Week 10...

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History 111 Week 10 In Class Notes The Crusades and Islam The investiture Controversy Continues -The conflict between the popes and the Holy Roman Emperors heightened concerns about sanctifying society -New monastic orders like the Cluiacs and Cistercians formed part of an evolving understanding about what holiness and piety meant - these anxieties afflicted the nobility in particualur, since they had -though the church fathers allowed for just war, the actual act of killing someone was still considered a sin -restore peace Soldiers of Christ -In his struggle with the German emperors Pope Gregory VII dabbled in indulgences for “soldiers of Christ” who would take up his cause -but this appeared to die with him -the new pope, Urban II, seemed more concerned with calling synods condemning simony, clerical marriage, and the rival antipope Clement III Council of Clermont (1095) -but Urban surprised almost everyone after receiving an embassy from the Byzantine emperor Alexius I in March 1095 -That November at the Council of Clermont, Urban announced a mission to liberate the Eastern Christians from Muslim rule A brief histoy of Islam -a Camel trader named Muhammad who had spent his life traveling the East began receiving and preaching divine revelation sin his forties -Poorly received in his hometown of Mecca, he and his followers migrated to nearby Medina in 622 -there Mohammad instituted a religious community called Ummah that his successors would spread across the East and Africa over the next hundred years 11 th Century Islam -after 400 years this community had fragmented - Caliphs of the Abbasid dynasty still ruled in Baghdad as part of a theoretically unbroken line from Mohammad
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