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health psych chap 10 - Chapter Ten The Management of Pain...

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+ Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/9/11 Chapter Ten: The Management of Pain and Discomfort
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+ Obj100 4/9/11 The Significance of Pain n Some pain is critical for survival. n medical consequences: n pain is the symptom most likely to lead an individual to seek treatment n medically significant: n pain can be a source of misunderstanding between a patient and the medical provider n Patient: may see pain as problem n Provider: may see pain as by-product of d/ o
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+ Obj100 4/9/11 The Significance of Pain (cont.) n Psychological significance: n depression and anxiety worsen the experience of pain n Pain is very prevalent and costly in the U.S. and around the world
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+ Obj100 4/9/11 The Elusive Nature of Pain n pain is a psychological experience n pain is influenced by the context in which it is experienced n pain has a cultural component
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+ Obj100 4/9/11 The Elusive Nature of Pain (cont.) n Measuring pain: n verbal reports: n pain scales, faces scales n pain behavior : n behavior that arises as a manifestation of chronic pain n assesses how pain has disrupted the lives of patients
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+ Obj100 4/9/11 The Elusive Nature of Pain (cont.) n Physiology of pain: n overview: n pain is a protective mechanism n pain is accompanied by motivational and behavioral responses
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+ Obj100 4/9/11 The Elusive Nature of Pain (cont.) n Physiology of pain (cont.): n three kinds of pain perception: n mechanical nociception: n mechanical damage to body tissue n thermal damage: n damage due to temperature exposure n polymodal nociception: n pain triggers chemical reactions from tissue damage
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+ Obj100 4/9/11 The Elusive Nature of Pain (cont.) n Neurochemical bases of pain and its inhibition: n landmark study: D. V. Reynolds 1969 n SPA: Stimulation-Produced Analgesia n three types of endogenous opioid peptides n System of opioid peptides is complex n Body’s nat’l pain suppression system
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+ Obj100 4/9/11 Clinical Issues in Pain Management n Acute and chronic pain: n
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