"Ch12-Student

"Ch12-Student - Theories of Personality Chapter 12...

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Theories of Personality Chapter 12 Personality Personality: Stable ways of behaving thinking and feeling How is our personality formed? What makes up our personality? What makes each personality different? How can we use personality research to better understand ourselves and others? Freud and Psychoanalysis *The “father” of personality theory *Iceberg Analogy: (Freudian Term)
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Freud’s concept of personality *The ID (the selfish beast): unconscious, instinctual part of us that wants to satisfy needs for pleasure and avoid all pain THE DEVIL ON YOUR SHOULDER *“libido”: energy that sustains the life instinct (all human drives, Freud: more than sex drive) *“the life instinct”: needs for sex, food, pleasure *“the death instinct”: aggressive needs *The EGO (the self): finds realistic ways to satisfy ID needs (Ego: Freudian term again) YOU IN BETWEEN *Both conscious and unconscious *The “referee” (btw the Id and Superego) *The SUPEREGO (the perfect self): (learned from society) opposes the ID and enforces morality and parental authority, strives for perfection. (your right or wrong. Sense of guilt comes from here according to Freud. Some people don't feel guilt or they don't have ego because they haven't established their superego) WHAT YOU SHOULD DO? LITTLE ANGEL [The id always gets what it wants. Food, sex (you don't jump up the girl ad like “uh. .she's hot”), you date her, talk to her, and finally jump up on her.] Defense Mechanisms *Ways that the EGO deals with unconsciously threatening thoughts (things we don't like) Repression: pushing thoughts out of awareness Regression: reverting to an earlier phase of development (children do that a lot. “I want my mommy action”) Denial: refusing to admit the truth of a situation (everything is fine. Can be very very powerful) o Projection: placing your own unacceptable feelings onto someone else o Displacement: directing emotions (anger) towards others (who are not the source of your anger) o Reaction Formation: an unconscious feeling appears as the opposite when brought to awareness (“Thou Doth Protest Too Much”)
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Personality Development (Freud) *Stages of Psychosexual Development
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Lebrenton during the Spring '11 term at BYU.

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"Ch12-Student - Theories of Personality Chapter 12...

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