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"Ch14_Student - PSYC 120 Chapter 14 Professor...

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PSYC 120 Chapter 14: Professor LeBreton Chapter 14 Abnormal Psychology Definition *Abnormal Behavior/ Mental Disorder: actions, thoughts and feelings that: 1. Are outside of cultural norms (be careful with this one!) 2. Cause emotional distress 3. Cause dysfunction in living (impairment) 4. Are dangerous to self or others The DSM ( a book/a manual ) * The DSM: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders NOT Science/Guessing Medical model Describes symptoms and typical age of onset or other characteristics of the disorder *Problems with the DSM: 1. over-diagnosis 2. labeling 3. serious problems vs. “normal” problems 4. Subjective nature of determining a disorder What causes mental disorders? (NO clue) *Research has shown that there are usually both natural and psychological factors *Diathesis-Stress model: biological factors (genetics, brain chemistry and others) are paired with environmental stressors to create a psychological disorder What causes cancer? What causes mental illness? Insanity * Insanity : a legal term that has three different meanings: 1
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1.) a person’s ability to tell right from wrong (not guilty by reason of insanity) 2.) a person’s ability to understand the legal proceedings (competency to stand trial) 3.) Whether the person is a direct danger to self or others (involuntary commitment to a mental hospital) Anxiety Disorders * Anxiety Disorders : excessive levels of negative emotions, such as nervousness, tension , i. Phobias : an intense, irrational fear * Specific Phobia : a fear of one specific thing * Social Phobia : a fear of social interactions, particularly those with strangers or those in which the person might be viewed negatively * Agoraphobia : a fear of leaving one’s home a. Generalized Anxiety Disorder : a vague, uneasy sense of general tension a. Panic Disorder : a pattern of anxiety in which long periods of calm are broken by intensely uncomfortable attacks of anxiety (panic attack/anxiety attack) *Panic Attacks involve sudden changes in respiration, heart beat, blood pressure and a feeling
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"Ch14_Student - PSYC 120 Chapter 14 Professor...

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