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"Ch4_Student - PSYC 120 Professor LeBreton Chapter...

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PSYC 120 Professor LeBreton Chapter 4 Human Development Introduction I Development: Predictable changes associated with increasing age P Developmental Psychology: focuses on human development across the lifespan l Maturation: Systematic physical grouth of the body S Nature versus Nurture debate: are human beings a product of their biology or their environment/upbringing? Most psychologists and lay-people agree that we are a product of both our biology and our environment Examples: language development and toilet training (we must be taught these things, but our biology must also be ready and able to acquire these new skills) Growth and Development G Prenatal development: P Conception: Sperm meets egg C Germinal Stage: (2 weeks) conception, cell division and uterine implantation blastocyst (cells dividing): Hours after conception Implantation of blastocyst: 6 days after conception I Embryonic Stage: (2-8 weeks post conception) major organs are formed 14 days post conception 1 5 weeks post conception: heart beats(most women find out their pregnancy) 8 weeks post conception: all major organs formed 8 Fetal Stage: (the rest of the pregnancy) continued growth and development of all major c Fetus 5-6 months pregnancy F Growth and develpment G Neonatal Period: the newborn (birth-2 wks) N Transition from womb to independent life 1
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Weak and dependent Rooting and Suckling Reflex: R Sensory ability: can sense sound, smell, taste and touch, but vision is limited (nearsighted - can only see 12 inches from face. mom's breast to face) c Sleep 16 hours a day (1 ounces liquid can be hold in tommy) ( Infancy: (2 weeks ? 2 years): I Most rapid growth of entire life in during the 1 st year 2 months:raise head, vision increases to 12 feet 6 months: roll over, crawl, vision becomes 20/20 1 year: walk 2 years: toddle, explore Infancy: language development: 9 months: understand nouns, responds to gestures (clap and bye0bye) 12 months: say some words 18 months: vocab of 20 words, understands commands ("no","touch your nose") 24 months: vocab of 250 words, speaks in word combinations, "telegraphic speech" (NOT mother, please may i have some milk, RATHER, mama milk, mama milk!) y Infancy: Language Development: I 9 months: understand nouns, responds to gestures (clap and bye-bye) 12 months: say some words 18 months: vocab of 20 words, understands commands (S o?, S ouch your nose?) 24 months: vocab of 250 words, speaks in word combinations, S elegraphic speech” e Infancy: Emotional/Social Development: Neonate: surprise, pleasure, distress 2 months: 1st social behavior (smile at caregivers) 4-9 months: anger and separation anxiety a 2 years: more complex emotions emerge such as guilt/shame, formed strong attachments to those close to him/her t Early Childhood: 2-7 years: (by 7, any emotion) ( Physical Development: improved small and large muscle control and coordination Emotional/Social Dev.: full range of positive and negative emotions 2
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PSYC 120 Professor LeBreton P Early Childhood Continued:
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Lebrenton during the Spring '11 term at BYU.

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"Ch4_Student - PSYC 120 Professor LeBreton Chapter...

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