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Animal_Science_9-11-08 - Feedstuffs available to you...

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Animal Science 9-11-08 Production goals of nonruminant animals Should have a high average daily gain (ADG) Should have a low feed conversion rate (FCR) o Amount of feed ÷ body weight Nutrition of Ruminants Nearly all the milk and 50% of the total meat consumed by humans comes from them What makes them unique? Microrganisms clip Beta linkages Notable Problems Bloat is usually caused by releasing animals on fresh legumes Ketosis occurs in high producing and lactating cows. The problem results from an elevation in free fatty acids coupled with low blood sugar Horses and Ponies Unique digestive system, stomach is small Feeding management precaustions Founder—overfeeding Colic—parasites Balances Ration What do you need to know Minimum daily requirements for the animal you are feeding: o Protein o Energy o Vitamins o Minerals
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Unformatted text preview: Feedstuffs available to you Chemical composition of feeds Expected feed consumption Nutrition and digestive physiology • Livestock feeding Roughage = high fiber, low energy Concentrate = low fiber, high energy Balanced Ration • Pearson square: Balance a ration using any two ingredients for one nutrient • How much soybean meal (44% Protein) should be mixed with Barley (13% Protein) to get 16% protein? Soybean 44% SBV= 3 parts ↘ ↗ 16% ↗ ↘ Barley 13% Barley = 28 parts Soybean = 3 parts SB meal = 3/31 or 10% Barley = 28 parts Barley = 28/31 or 90% Parts = 31 Mixing a ton (2000#) SBM = 200# Barley = 1800# • Pig—Esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine • Chicken—Crop, gizzard • Horse—Huge cecum 4ft.= 200lbs. full!! • Cow/Cattle...
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