Russian Nationalist Music0

Russian Nationalist Music0 - MussorgskyandRimskyKorsakov

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Mussorgsky and Rimsky-Korsakov 
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Late-19 th -Century Russia Tsar Alexander II War with the Ottoman empire Emancipation Reform in 1861 Serfdom 
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Kuchka Translated as  “The Five,” “The Mighty  Handful” Group of ‘self-taught’ Russian nationalist  composers  St. Petersburg 1856-1870 Balkirev (leader), Cui, Mossorgsky,  Rimsky-Korsakov, Borodin Imitative sounds of ‘Russian Life Different harmonic/scale language from  Austro-German music
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Modest Mussorgsky  1839-1881 Military career and  civil service Folklore and native  arts Self-taught Criticized and  revised 
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Pictures at an Exhibition   (1874) Based on series of paintings (or  rather sketches) by Mussorgsky’s  friend Victor Hartmann Originally for solo piano Orchestrated by Maurice Ravel in  1922 – orchestral suite Folk-tunes: e.g. “Promenade”  theme
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The Great Gate at Kiev Last in order, serves as climax Use of Russian folk tunes Grand scale represents Russian  national image Russian melodies Gate theme Pilgrim’s hymn  Incorporated with Promenade  theme
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The Great Gate at Kiev Gate theme in full brass chorus  (dynamic level: loud-softer-loud) Suddenly in a clam mood –  pilgrim’s hymn sounds in winds  choir Gate theme is back in lower  brass over running passage in  strings, later other instruments  join to the theme
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The Great Gate at Kiev Again sudden change of mood (quiet):  pilgrim’s hymn in winds Bell sound with repeating figures in  string, later insertion of Promenade 
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Russian Nationalist Music0 - MussorgskyandRimskyKorsakov

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