Government - August 26, 2010 Dr. Anthony- Political Science...

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August 26, 2010 Dr. Anthony- Political Science Alex Wishart- T/R 11-12:50 ALC 323 SI Chapter 1- Social contract - an agreement between people and their leaders in which the people agree to give up some liberties so that their other liberties are protected. Natural law- the assertion that standards that govern human behavior are derived from the nature of humans themselves and can be universally applied. Property- anything that can be owned. Civic engagement- individual and collective actions designed to identify and address issues of public concern. Chapter 2- Chapter 3- Intergovernmental relations (IGR)- collaborative efforts of two or more levels of government working to serve the public. Merely means that there is a working relationship between the different government levels and within that there are parameters of who can do what and who cannot do something. There are certain powers. o Concurrent powers- 103 Power that both or all powers have that may operate differently. They all have the power to tax, but it is all-different. Power is giving to all governments: o Local governments- charge property tax. o State governments- charge income tax, sales tax. In GA local government charges sales tax. No sales tax at the national level. Concurrent powers- basic governing functions of all sovereign governments, in the United States they are held by the national, state, and local
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governments and include the authority to tax, to make policy, to implement policy, and to exercise the power of eminent domain. Enumerated powers- the powers of the national government that are listed in the Constitution. Powers that are spelled out in law or in the constitution. Fairly clearly for all to understand. Implied powers- powers of the national government that are not enumerated in the Constitution but that Congress claims are necessary and proper for the national government to fulfill its enumerated powers in accordance with the necessary and proper clause of the Constitution. They are not expressed that it is assumed that certain powers exist through the reading of laws and the practical application of laws. Supreme law of the land- the Constitution’s description of its own authority, meaning that all laws made by governments within the United States must be in compliance with the Constitution. Supremacy clause- the paragraph in Article VI that makes the Constitution, and the treaties and laws created in compliance with it, the supreme law of the land. Reserved powers- the matters referred to in the tenth amendment over which states retain sovereignty. Police powers- the states’ reserved powers to protect the health, safety, lives, and properties of residents in a state . All governments have police powers. It’s a sub category of express powers. Horizontal federalism-
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2011 for the course POLS 1101 taught by Professor Franklin during the Fall '10 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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Government - August 26, 2010 Dr. Anthony- Political Science...

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