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Unformatted text preview: behaviors g. Likelihood of cure- acute will get better; chronic usually the person will not be cured so we try to manage the pain Theories of Pain 1. Specificity Theory = x amount of tissue damage is x amount of pain 2. Gate Control Theory (Melzack & Wall, 1965) = at point of pain the message starts to get sent out (spinal cord -> brain); in spinal cord there is a gate that allows signals to go in or out; if gate is open pain signals will travel through, if closed they will not travel through a. Factors which open and close gate 1. Physical- the more tissue damage the more likely someone will feel pain; counter stimulation (when grab and rub something that hurts) 2. Emotional- different emotional states, particularly anxiety will open gate more, but relaxation will decrease it 3. Cognitive- think about pain door is open more( if you focus on your pain it hurts, if distracted you can tolerate it more)...
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- Fall '09