Unit 3 - AbnormalPsychology I. A.Earlydemonology...

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Abnormal Psychology  I. History of Abnormal Behavior A. Early demonology Trephining- someone who is acting a strange way—believed they were  possessed by demons; needed to let spirit out B. Somatogenesis (Hippocrates) 400 BC when we see foundation of modern medicine the beginning of the problems are in the body; separate mind and body four humuors in body that control our behavior and our thinking o black bile: too much   become depressed o yellow bile: too much   you were too anxious o blood: too much   you were emotionally unstable o phlegm: too much   you were stupid C. Dark Ages Separation of church and state Church created monasteries  increasingly took care of mentally ill o People can be helped through prayer, touching of relics D. Middle Ages (Demonology) Idea of witches   got their power from the devil Believed (according to church) that only God could have power  so if  someone accused of witchcraft they were committing heresy Ergot: know to be hallucinogen; once food gets contaminated with this  someone will develop hallucinations 
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E. Asylums “safe place” for mentally ill people to be to take them off streets St. Mary’s of Bethlehem in London, England   first place o London’s tourist attraction: watch mentally ill o Not safe place—torture the people F. Moral treatment (Pinel) Let the people roamed the grounds of the hospital o Found out they were not dangerous but more disturbed G. Psychotropic medication First anti-psychotic medication  1950s Thorazine As gave medication to patients  they actually got better H. Community mental health We need to move people out of state mental hospitals (placed outside of  cities) People placed back in homes, back in communities and were found jobs Mental health hospital Large number of our homeless have some form of mental illness II. Models of Abnormal Behavior A. Physical/medical model Tripartite notion of causality:  o Syndrome: what is it? looks like a cold
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o Basic disturbance: where in the body is something happening o Etiology: what’s the cause? furthest cause back that we can go; is  something going on in neurotransmitters Infectious- infection occurs somehow Systemic- something in the system has gone wrong Traumatic- trauma  Hit by train, ingested some kind of toxic B. Mental illness/ psychoanalytic model  Freud   applied model but in a different way There is a syndrome (washed hands all the time) Basic disturbance was always the same (compulsive personality-obsessive  compulsive)
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