Criminal Justice Final Exam Review

Criminal Justice Final Exam Review - 10:16:00 Slide#2...

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Criminal Justice Final Exam Review 08/12/2010 10:16:00 Slide #2 U.S. Probation & Parole Most Common Court Mandated Rules o Abide by the law (don’t get arrested) o Refrain from drugs (and alcohol) o Report changes in address o Get employed. Stay employed. o No association with criminals. Most violated rule?—abide by the law? Slide #3 U.S. Probation & Parole Congress abandoned parole for all federal offenses committed after  November 1, 1987.  Do P&P officers supervise people released from prison? o 1984 Federal Sentencing Guidelines Abolished parole provided guidelines for ensuring that similar crimes received  similar punishments, Congress also enacted mandatory  minimum sentences for certain crimes and drastically increased  punishments for repeat offenders. Crime dropped steadily for  more than a decade beginning in 1991 (effective November 1, 1987) o Job Functions of P&P officers: pre-sentence investigations, intake  procedures, needs assessment/diagnosis, supervision of clients Do P&P officers supervise released sex offenders convicted under the Adam  Walsh Act of 2006? o Organizes sex offenders into three tiers and mandates that Tier 3  offenders (the most serious tier) update their whereabouts every three  months with lifetime registration requirements.  Tier 2 offenders must  update their whereabouts every six months with 25 years of  registration, and Tier 1 offenders (which includes minors as young as  14 years of age) must update their whereabouts every year with 15  years of registration;  Failure to register and update information is a  felony under the law
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o Created a national sex offender registry and instructs each state and  territory to apply identical criteria for posting offender data on the  Internet o Must meet and register with probation/parole officers Slide #4 Chapter 11 & Death Penalty Is innocence considered in Habeas Corpus appeals?  NO! A writ of habeas  corpus is a judicial mandate requiring that a prisoner be brought before the  court to determine whether the government has the right to continue detaining  them. Is innocence considered in Direct Appeals?   o Direct Appeals—only review evidence presented in the trial court; o Herrera v Collins (1993)—SC ruled that a claim that the 8 th  Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment prohibits the  execution of one who is actually innocent is not ground for federal  habeas relief  Is innocence considered in Collateral Appeals?
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