chap109-21-09 - 2009-9-21 Introduction to Psychology Sept,...

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2009-9-21 1 Introduction to Psychology Sept, 21, 2009 Time change ` Class 7 8 9 ` 1:30 pm --- 4:05 pm ` From next week
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2009-9-21 2 Textbook ` Wadworth ` http://www wadsworth com/cg http://www.wadsworth.com/cgi- wadsworth/course_products_wp.pl?fid=M20b&flag=studen t&product_isbn_issn=9780495601975&discipline_number= 24 ` Amazon.com ` Google book ` 淘宝 has the book Relationship? ` W Wun S Freud W. Wunt S. Freud ` W Jame J B Watson W. James J. B. Watson
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2009-9-21 3 Misunderstanding about Psychology Outline ` What is Psychology? ` Psychology begins… ` Contemporary psychology ` Philosophical issues ` Main Fields in Psychology ` Psychology Majors ` Psychological Organizations ` Psychology in China
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2009-9-21 4 Major Philosophical Issues ` Free Will Versus Determinism ` Mind-Brain Problem ` Nature-Nurture Issue Free Will Versus Determinism Free will is the belief that behavior is caused by an individual’s independent decision making individuals independent decision-making. - A believer in free will assumes that even with complete information regarding causes and conditions, predictions regarding human behavior can never be fully accurate. Determinism is the assumption that everything that happens has a ca se r determinant in the bser able rld has a cause or determinant in the observable world. ` A determinist assumes that everything that happens has a cause that can be known.
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2009-9-21 5 The Mind-Brain Problem ` How is experience related to the organ system called the brain? ` Dualism is the belief that the mind is separate from the brain but somehow controls the brain and through it the rest of the body. ` Monism is the view that conscious experience is generated by and therefore is inseparable from the brain. The Nature-Nurture Issue ` How do differences in behavior relate to differences in heredity and environment? ` Is our behavior determined by biology (Nature) ` Some scientists assume that the larger proportion of differences in behavior are due to the influence of genes. ` Is our behavior determined by environment (Nurture) ` Some scientists assume that most differences are a result of aspects of the environment such as culture, expectations, and resources.
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2009-9-21 6 The "twelve infants" quote—Watson ` Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and m n s ecified rld t brin them in and I'll my own specified world to bring them up in and I ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select – doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors. “[Behaviorism (1930), p. 82] Outline ` What is Psychology? ` Psychology begins… ` Contemporary psychology ` Philosophical issues ` Main Fields in Psychology ` Psychology Majors ` Psychological Organizations ` Psychology in China
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2009-9-21 7 What do Psychologists do?
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 10 taught by Professor Tom during the Spring '10 term at UCLA.

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chap109-21-09 - 2009-9-21 Introduction to Psychology Sept,...

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