chapter 6 learning

chapter 6 learning - 2 Grade distributions 20 attendance...

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Unformatted text preview: 2 Grade distributions ¡ 20% -- attendance and participation ¢ attendance ¢ Non-psy: 6 from the experiment credit (max) ¢ Psych Major (09&08) --- 2 or 3 assignments ¡ 35% --- midterm ¢ 100+10 points totally, 100 max ¡ 45% --- Final exam ¢ 100+10 points totally, 100 max 3 Susceptibility ¡ 0-4 low ¡ 5-8 median ¡ 9-12 high 5 HW2: Discovering Psychology ¡ 13. The Mind Awake and Asleep Our varying levels of consciousness empower us to interpret, analyze, and direct our behavior in flexible ways. The nature of sleeping, dreaming, and altered states of consciousness are explored in this program. With Dr. Ernest Hartman , formerly of Tufts University, and Dr. Robert McCarley of Harvard Medical School. ¡ http://www.learner.org/discoveringpsych ology/13/e13expand.html?pop=yes&pid= 1510# ¡ Questions ¢ Acording to the video, how structuralists (Wunt, Titchener), functionalists (James), and behaviorists (Watson) explain consciousness? ¢ Describe and explain the study at 10 ” 31, using one of the levels of conscioussness ¢ How does Dr. R. McCarley at Harvard Medical School explain DREAMS different from Freud (16 ” 22)? 6 Chapter 6 Learning Nov. 30, 2009 7 Class participation 1 Learn WHAT? 8 ¡ Examples ¢ 当你坐在牙医办公室听到隔壁洁牙机转动的声音, 你感到有些害怕 ¢ 一个四岁男孩紧握他的玩具,说着一些难听的话。 他妈感到沮丧,说“他从哪学来的这些话?” ¢ 海狮做着一些类人的高难度表演。每当成功,驯养 员就给它一条鱼吃。 ¡ Definition ¢ a relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience. ¢ Compared to “innate knowledge” What is learning What is learning 9 ¡ Definition ¢ “Learning refers to the change in a subject’s behavior to a given situation brought about by his repeated experiences in that situation, provided that the behavior change cannot be explained on the basis of native response tendencies, maturation, or temporary states of the subject (e.g., fatigue, drugs, etc.). ” (Hilgard and Bower, 1975, p. 17) ¡ contents ¢ acquisition of knowledge and skills (知识和技能的获得) ¢ personal habits ( 个人习惯 ) ¢ personality traits (人格特质) ¢ emotional responses (情绪反应) ¢ personal preferences (个人喜好) ¡ Does not include temporary changes due to ¢ Disease ¢ Injury ¢ Maturation (成熟) or drugs What is learning: definition and content What is learning: definition and content 10 Learning theories 1 Classical Conditioning 2 Operant conditioning 3 Observation al Learning 11 ¡ A stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus ¡ Phobia 恐惧症 ¡ Ivan Pavlov’s (巴甫洛夫) Demonstration ¡ Terminology (术语) ¢ Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS- 无条件刺激 ) ¢ Unconditioned Response (UCR- 无条件反应 ) ¢ Conditioned Stimulus (CS- 条件刺激 ) ¢ Conditioned Response (CR- 条件反应...
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chapter 6 learning - 2 Grade distributions 20 attendance...

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