chapter 7_memory a

chapter 7_memory a - 1 Intro Psy Human Memory Chapter 7...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Intro Psy Human Memory Chapter 7 Dec. 7 th , 2009 Memory 2 • Did you ever see this in your life? Memory 3 Figure 10.11 Some of the distractor items used in a study of recognition memory and encoding failure. Penny A is correct but was seldom recognized. Pennies G and J were popular wrong answers. (Adapted from Nickerson & Adams, 1979.) Memory 4 Memory 5 Memory 记忆 Basic processes of memory 1 Forgetting 2 Physiology of memory 3 Systems and types of memory 4 Memory 6 How is information maintained in memory? maintaining encoded information in memory over time How does information get into memory? forming a memory code How is information pulled back out of memory? Basic processes of memory Encoding 编码 Storage 存储 Retrieval 提取 Memory 7 Figure 7.2 Three key processes in memory Memory 8 ¡ An analogy ( 类比 ) ¢ these processes and elements of information processing by computers ¢ The analogies for encoding and retrieval work pretty well, but the storage analogy is somewhat misleading. When information is stored on a hard drive, it remains unchanged indefinitely and you can retrieve an exact copy. Memory storage is a much more dynamic process (动态过程) . ¢ Our memories change over time and are rough reconstructions rather than exact copies of past events. Human Memory ( 人类记忆 ): Basic Questions Memory 9 Memory 10 A hypothetical network of facts about animals shows what is meant by the structure of memory. Small networks of ideas such as this are probably organized into larger and larger units and higher levels of meaning. (Adapted from Collins & Quillian, 1969.) Memory 11 How is information maintained in memory?memory?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 10 taught by Professor Tom during the Spring '10 term at UCLA.

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chapter 7_memory a - 1 Intro Psy Human Memory Chapter 7...

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