Oct_2 - Anthro 205 October 2 2008 Hierarchy in Society...

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Anthro 205 October 2, 2008 Hierarchy in Society Hierarchy creates differences between members of a society Individuals are judged by traits—gender, age, physical appearance, wealth, occupation, etc that makes them seem more or less worthy than others In this respect, hierarchy is bound up with the value systems in a society. 3 types of Social Hierarchy Egalitarian - no individual or group has appreciably more wealth, power, or prestige than any other Rank- Unequal access to prestige or status but not unequal access to wealth or power Stratified- considerable inequality in all forms of social rewards (power, wealth, and presige) Egalitarian society No individual/group has more wealth, power or prestige than any other. Everyone, depending on skill live, has equal access to positions of esteem and respect Found most readily among geographically mobile food collectors o King of the Kalahair region o Inuit o Hadza Rank Societies Unequal access to prestige but not to wealth or power Fixed number of high-status positions, which only certain individuals can occupy. Others are excluded regardless of skills, wisdom, industriousness, or personal traits
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Found most prominently in Oceania among Native Americans of the North West. Stratified societies Inequality in power, wealth, and prestige. Closely associated with the rise of complex societies approx 5,500 yrs ago As societies become more specialized, the system of social strat becomes more complex Social Structure Social Structure- an interrelated set of individual positions within a social organization of society It is a network of society members which structures the opportunities for action of individuals depending upon their positions. Social position All societies have a structure in which individuals all have a particular position within society Individuals engage in social actions according to their position in society and patterns of social interaction follow positions.
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