1-October_7 - October 7 2008 Political Progress Much like...

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October 7, 2008 Political “Progress” Much like forms of economic “evolution” political organization proceeded in what some view with a progress model as well Political systems steadily became more advanced as society transformed over time. Developed alongside the complexity we now find w/ economic systems. Political progress o Consensus A form of political organization in which decisions were made through agreement amongst the members of society. Require small scale societies with direct interaction among members Existed primarily in hunger/gatherer societies Individuals reach a consensus on issues raised in the society Though some had more influence in the process than others, the agreement was nonetheless reached amongst all. Tribal elders may hold a significant voice in matters, though all generally agree. o Segmentary social system A system in which decisions made by consensus in smaller groups are brought for discussion into a larger political union Can be linked to empowerment with numbers Smaller societies make up segments of a larger political union which enables particular activities. They gather together in instances that require larger political bodies than the typical social arrangement After consensus is reached @ the local level, that view is brought to the larger political body.
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o Chiefdoms A form of political organization that we first encounter stratification and in which leaders make decisions for the social unit.
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