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DI - Lecture Notes Week 5-6 Fall 2009

DI - Lecture Notes Week 5-6 Fall 2009 - ReviewofWeek5&6...

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Review of Week 5 & 6 Eras – 60 Minutes to cover 2000 years of history…(33.3 years per minute) o Greek City Dionysia = 4 plays: 3 Tragedies 1 Satyr Play Thespis – Thespian – Actor Playwrights: Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides Theatre Structure: Theatron “seeing place” – Theatre – Theater Orchestra “dancing place” – Orchestra Seating Skene – Scene – Stage where a scene takes place o Evolution of Scene over time Parodoi – Voms - Wings Machina – Deus Ex Machina o Humans cannot fly 14,000 – 17,000 o Modern version of Greek Theatre = sports arenas Performers Actors = 3 who spoke and played all speaking roles Chorus o 15 men with 5 major functions p.63 o Trained like athletes Supernumearies = extras Musicians = played music Choregus – choreographer o Ancient producer Masks = 5 major purposes p.65 6 conventions of Greek Theatre p.65 Tragedy format Prologue – Exposition/History Parados – Entrance of Chorus Episode 1 - Actors (each episode moves the plot forward but reaches  back in time for knowledge)
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Ode 1 - Chorus Episode 2 - Actors Ode 2 – Chorus Episode 3 - Actors Ode 3 - Chorus Episode 4 - Actors Ode 4 - Chorus Final Episode – Actors (“Messenger Scene” OR D.E.M.) Exodus Comedy Old Comedy – truest form o Typical features p.71 New Comedy – bastardized by Romans o Roman – the great assimilators Playwrights: Plautus, Terence, Seneca Gravitas – importance of the Roman citizen Theater structure ½ sized Greek Amphitheatre Stadium o Innovations: Raised stage, Voms, No chorus Comedy Flute player – similar to modern musical Variety Shows = similar to current sketch comedy Mime Blood Sports Rise of Christianity – more outlandish performances – disintegration of Roman Empire o Medieval Early, High, Late Medieval periods Part of religious festivals just like Greek/Roman Liturgical Drama Early/High
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o In monasteries/churches o Religious o Chanted o Clergymen performed Late o Outdoors o Secular Vernacular o Spoken o Laymen performed Corpus Christi Establishment of towns/guilds led to new festival for unity Procession through town – Guilds headed up specific productions Cycles – identified by town/guild, same basic plots Conventions Time: Eternal & Earthly – time frame for cycles = creation – doom Stage = Improvised Spaces  o Accommodate large audiences o Wagons = Portable p.87 o Fixed stage = side of building Mansion – specific locale Platea – ambiguous space Costumes ID characters Illusionistic and Symbolic effects for impact Morality Plays Spiritual trials of ordinary people Farce (a.k.a. Interlude)
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