Urban Problems and the Rise of Modern Policing

Urban Problems and the Rise of Modern Policing - Police...

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Police Studies and the Problem of Order: Urban Sociology and the Ecology of Fear
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What is community? In order to discuss the nature and function of community policing, we must ask the simple question: what is community? We begin be examining the city’s other . Most of us only know the context of the city. Rural life has an intergenerational quality and a stability that is rooted in the very soil. There is a limited division of labor .
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Durkheim’s analysis of the modern condition Durkheim believed that sociology could be a science capable of understanding the massive changes of modern society. By using the idea of the division of labor, he was able to conceive of an important difference between modern and pre-modern societies. The division of labor was used to analyze the nature of social cohesion—that is, how we are bound to each other in a society. Mechanical solidarity: This is primarily found in a rural setting. People are not distinguished by their occupation and are congregated into a limited number of jobs. Obviously, in rural settings most people would be farmers and not much else. Most people are involved in subsistence farming—that is, they are concerned primarily with simple survival. Organic solidarity: Represents a social order that is premised on the urban scene. There is a multiplicity of occupations, specializations, and modes of expertise. Individuals are no longer forced into a life of farming subsistence but are congregating together into multiple roles. Interdependency is a crucial feature here because as urban dwellers we are increasingly reliant on others to satisfy our most basic needs such as food, clothing, etc.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2011 for the course CRIM 101 taught by Professor Morgenson during the Fall '08 term at York University.

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Urban Problems and the Rise of Modern Policing - Police...

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