APA citation

APA citation - Help Research Strategy and Process Citing...

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Help : Research Strategy and Process: Citing Sources : APA Citation Style APA Citation Style Reference Citations in Text Reference List Other documentation styles APA citation style refers to the rules and conventions established by the American Psychological Association for documenting sources used in a research paper. APA style requires two elements for citing outside sources: Reference Citations in Text and a Reference List . Together these elements identify and credit the sources consulted in the paper and allow others to access or retrieve this material. The examples of APA styles and formats listed on this page include many of the most common types of sources used in academic research. For additional examples and more detailed information about APA citation style, refer to the APA resources list at the bottom of this page. Also, for automatic generation of citations in appropriate citation style, you may wish to use a bibliographic citation management program such as Refworks or EndNote. You can find more information on this in our Citation Tools guide or the citation management help page . Reference Citations in Text In APA style, citations to sources are placed in the text of the paper in order to briefly identify sources for readers and enable them to locate the source of the cited information in the Reference List. These parenthetical (in text) references include the author's last name and the year of publication enclosed in parentheses. Citations are placed within sentences and paragraphs so that it is clear what information is being quoted or paraphrased and whose information is being cited. Examples: Works by a Single Author The last name of the author and the year of publication are inserted in the text at the appropriate point. In a recent study of reaction times(Walker, 2000)
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If the name of the author or the date appear as part of the narrative cite only missing information in parentheses. Walker (2000) compared reaction times In 2000 Walker compared reaction times Works by Multiple Authors When a work has two authors, always cite both names every time the reference occurs in In the narrative text, join the names with the word "and." as Nightlinger and Littlewoord (1993) demonstrated When a work has three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs. Wasserstein, Zappulla, Rosen, Gerstman, and Rock (1994) found In all subsequent citations per paragraph, include only the surname of the first author followed by "et al." (Latin for "and others") and the year of publication. Wasserstein et al. (1994) found Works by Associations, Corporations, Government Agencies, etc. The names of groups that serve as authors (corporate authors) are usually written out each
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APA citation - Help Research Strategy and Process Citing...

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