21_printout - Announcements / review Lecture 21 Reading for...

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Announcements / review Lecture 21 Reading for today: pages 546-558, 582-583, 585-587 Reading for tomorrow: pages 615-623, 626-628, 630-638 Assigned problems: N&C: Ch.14: #4, 7, 8, 11, 21, 22, Ch. 15: #1 SG: p.191: #18; p.192: #20, #2 Yesterday: Glycolysis Today: Fermentation Gluconeogenesis Intro to Cellular Respiration
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Fermentation = glycolysis without oxygen Interesting aside: many microrganisms produce lactic acid through fermentation, and humans have Fgured out how to use this power for good: Yogurt, sauerkraut, pickles, kimchi, and soy sauce! Then how to harvest energy from lactate ? Lactate is converted back to pyruvate Another example of: The pyruvate in the liver is then used to synthesize glucose by: NAD + is used-up by glycolysis. How to replenish? In the presence of __________ , NAD + is replenished during _____________________ (next week). But how do cells regenerate NAD + in an anaerobic environment? (i.e. hard-working muscle cells)
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Many microorganisms perform a different type of fermentation: The Fermentation you can drink This is how yeast make alcohol! (beer, wine, vodka, etc.) And, the CO 2 makes bubbles in champagne and beer, and causes bread dough to rise!
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Fun Facts about Glucose Many cells require glucose as main fuel source (cannot store fat): The total glycogen stores in your whole body are only good for about 1 day. What happens if you ʼ re running from: and you use up all of your: and you need _______ fast or: Gluconeogenesis is the primary metabolic pathway for making glucose. Most gluconeogenesis occurs in:
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2011 for the course BIO BM 3350 taught by Professor Blakenship during the Spring '11 term at Cornell.

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21_printout - Announcements / review Lecture 21 Reading for...

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