30_REVIEW - Second-half Review(Lectures 16-29 Tomorrow...

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Today : For each topic, I ʼ ve listed many questions: Not necessarily questions that will be on the test, but more to guide your studying. Second-half Review (Lectures 16-29) Overall reactions: what do you need to know? Glucose + 2 NAD + + 2 ADP + 2 P i => 2 pyruvate + 2 NADH + 2 H + + 2 ATP + 2 H 2 O Keep track of the metabolites: Glucose, 2 pyruvate How many ATP, GTP, NAD, FAD, NADPH ? Don ʼ t worry about Pi, H 2 O, H + , EXCEPT: You should know that H 2 O and P i are needed to balance ATP hydrolysis reactions. and reactions with NADH always release a H + into solution. For this example: Tomorrow : last-minute office hours during class time, in this room
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Lectures 16 and 17: Carbohydrates, lipids, and membranes Carbohydrates: general structures and properties, types, ring formation, dissaccharide linkages, energy storage molecules, structural roles Lipids and membranes: general structures and properties, common lipids, membrane fluidity, types of membrane proteins (how to distinguish), membrane protein folding rules, hydropathy plots Don ʼ t know: names of all the hexoses, pentoses, etc.; specific derivative groups Don ʼ t know: structures of sphingosine or X-headgroups.
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Lectures 18 and 19: Bioenergetics and Redox Reactions Energetics : K ʼ eq , Gibbs equation, Q, high energy molecules, coupled reactions Redox : Half reactions, E ʼ º and Δ E ʼ º, calculating Δ G ʼ º, redox coenzyme properties Don ʼ t know: specific Δ G ʼ º or E ʼ º values for reactions, structures of redox coenzymes, Faraday ʼ s constant For a reaction aA + bB cC + dD Δ G = Δ G ʼ º + RT ln Q “Gibbs equation” Q = [C] c [D] d
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