RLST 005 10.4.10 notes

RLST 005 10.4.10 notes - called Siva, meaning auspicious...

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The Veda c. 1500-1200 BCE composition of the Rg Veda c. 900-500 BCE composition of the later Veda
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Truth and authority Veda = (body of) knowledge/truth ś ruti = "that which is heard” smriti = "that which is remembered "
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Rg Veda 1,028 hymns to various deities
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cosmology-cosmography • tripartite (or 3+1) cosomology – celestial realm – atmospheric realm – terrestrial realm + land of Yama
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cosmogonic myths Rg Veda has disparate cosmogonic myths – the "golden germ” – a universal egg – world neither from being nor non-being
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Vedic deities Indra • 250 hymns • established cosmic order • consort: Indrani
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Agni • 200 hymns • god of Fre, smoke, lightening • intermediary between gods and humans • lesser god due to contact
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nature deities Usha • 1 hymn • dawn Vishnu • 5 hymns • minor solar deity
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Rudra - “the howler” • 3 hymns • unpredictable
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Unformatted text preview: called Siva, meaning auspicious Brahma and ri Sacrifce Brahman = sacred sound or prayer = ultimate reality Brahmin = priest or pray-er Brahma = deifcation oF sacred sound = central deity Purposes: propitiation, petition, and thanksgiving Initially public, increasingly private Rg Veda 10.90 sacrifice of Purusha (cosmic man) o head = priests (Brahmins) o arms = warriors ( k atriyas ) o thighs = farmers and artisans ( vai yas ) + feet = servants ( udras ) natural world as well hruti (that which is heard) OM or AUM incorporates and symbolizes all sound Correct sound generates wind or breath Correct performance recreates the cosmos with breath and heat Spiritual heat ( tapas ) assigns power to priests...
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RLST 005 10.4.10 notes - called Siva, meaning auspicious...

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