midterm 2 study guide

Midterm 2 study - Learning definition of learning an adaptive process through which experience modifies pre-existing behavior and understanding

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Learning definition of learning- an adaptive process through which experience modifies pre-existing behavior and understanding classical conditioning Pavlov’s experiment process of conditioning UCS, UCR, CS, CR discrimination extinction spontaneous recovery conditioned emotion response aversion learning (taste, e.g.) effect equipotentiality operant (Skinnerian) conditioning Thorndike’s law of effect negative/positive schedules of reinforcement other aspects of learning latent learning insight learning social/observational learning vicarious conditioning Memory memory processes encoding, storage, retrieval levels of processing structural phonemic semantic short-term memory (STM) now called working memory maintenance vs elaboration duration of 20 seconds- short term memory only lasts 20 sec capacity of 7 +/- 2 items- max 9 min 2 chunking- grouping numbers so its easier to memorize Memory, cont. long-term memory (LTM)- unlimited capacity, length, duration, storage serial-position curve primacy/recency effects- primacy- most frequently rehearsed, recency- is reduced the longer the period. Primacy example: going grocery shopping structure of LTM declarative/procedural
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implicit/explicit, etc. encoding specificity principle- certain info encoded in manner is best retrieved in that manner.
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2011 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Post during the Spring '10 term at UC Davis.

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Midterm 2 study - Learning definition of learning an adaptive process through which experience modifies pre-existing behavior and understanding

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