phil001notesweek6 - Dr Mcs Philosophy 001 (1084) Lecture...

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1084001notesweek6 © 1 Dr Mc’s Philosophy 001 (1084) Lecture Notes, Week 6 © Tips for next Tuesday: 1. Come early, if possible. 2. Put your things away so that I have no reason to think you might be cheating. 3. Leave out only a pen or pencil. 4. Do not sit with your friends. 5. Do not look at others’ midterms and shield your own from others. 6. Do not start until I say so. 7. Do not continue to write after I say to stop. 8. Put your answers where they belong. 9. Read the questions carefully. 10. Use your time wisely. 11. Raise your hand if you have a question. 12. Raise your hand when you are finished, and your midterm will be collected and you may leave for the break except in the last ten minutes— just stay seated. 13. You’ll be allowed to leave for the break when all midterms have been collected. 14. We will have a shortish class in the second hour. Reconstructing Arguments Is there an argument? “Children at CM school in Surrey ate lunch inside on Tuesday, after their principal noticed a black bear near the school that morning… Police were unable to find the bear on foot, so they brought in a helicopter with heat-signature technology to help in the search” VS, last week “Re Tory Defence Strategy Runs Into Trouble (June 3): It looks like The Gang That Couldn't Shoot Straight is now The Gang That Couldn't Shoot.” Bob Kotyk, G&M, last week He might be trying to make a point, but there is only a single claim here—not enough to let us reconstruct (as opposed to invent) an argument. “Your van was running poorly because the carburetor’s air intake filter was blocked by a piece of insulation. Since so little air was getting in, the carburetor could not produce the right air/fuel mixture.” My mechanic, last year Argument or explanation? Sometimes, it depends on context . Is the speaker trying to convince the listener that something is the case? Or is the speaker trying to explain something that s/he and the listener both already accept?
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1084001notesweek6 © 2 “This might seem insensitive, but could there be a positive side to the closing of some of GM's truck plants? With North Americans buying smaller vehicles and driving less because of high gas prices, wouldn't that be better for the planet?” Andrew van Velzen, G&M, last week There does seem to be an argument here, though reconstructing it is not easy. Relevant bits? Irrelevant bits? One attempt at reconstruction: 1. If people buy smaller vehicles, they buy fewer trucks. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2011 for the course PHIL 1 taught by Professor Jillianmcdonald during the Winter '10 term at Simon Fraser.

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phil001notesweek6 - Dr Mcs Philosophy 001 (1084) Lecture...

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