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Asian+American - Asian American Achievement Achievement...

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Unformatted text preview: Asian American Achievement Achievement Education 124 Professor Conchas Absent Voices of Asian Americans: Why? Americans: Black and White Focus on Race Contemporary Research Limiting Asian seen as “strangers from a different Asian shore,” despite over 150 years of American history American Asians not viewed as legitimate racial Asians minorities minorities University admissions and scholarships University exclude Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans exclude Reasons for Asian Exclusion Reasons 1. Not enough Asian Americans to matter In studies, especially statistical studies, In Asians included in other categories Asians Yet, in Education, Asians comprise over Yet, 14% of higher education 14% Is this not substantial? Reason 2 Reason 2. Perceived to be UNASSIMILABLE Seen as foreigners and not as minorities Too many differences between East and West Not legitimate members of US society Seen as immigrants as opposed to minorities Ogbu, voluntary versus involuntary Given this, do Asians ever cease being Given immigrants? immigrants? 2nd, 3rd, 4th generations still immigrants? Reason 3 Reason 3. The notion or stereotype that Asians to not 3. have a problem have Model Minority, are out-doing even whites Have overcome discrimination This is the only way they are included in race discussions, to This talk about success talk Described as hardworking entrepreneurs (Koreans) Hardworking students, wiz kids Blacks, Latinos, Native Americans are minority Blacks, because they have problems because Asians viewed as model minorities and others Asians described in negative ways described Model Minority Stereotype as a Hegemonic Device Hegemonic Asian Americans represent the GOOD race and Asian African Americans and Latinos represent the BAD race BAD reinforces meritocracy and individualism If Asians can make it, then everyone else can as well Stereotype lumps all Asians under one category Stereotype and ignores groups differences and Dominant group is imposing a category on all Dominant Asians Asians Ignores the uniqueness of each Asian ethnic Ignores group: history, politics, experiences, etc. group: Academic Achievement Academic Model Minority Image Academic superstars, math geniuses, Academic computer science experts… computer Success because Asians work hard and come Success from cultures that believe in the value of education education 3 main theoretical explanations 1 Cultural Explanation Asian culture values education Exhibit traits valued by dominant group Hard work and Hard willingness to delay immediate gratification Work hard in school and uphold family honor Avoid shame and guilt associated with failure Desire to please leads to anxiety Limitations to 1 Limitations Offers insights to the relationship between Offers home and student achievement, but has limitations limitations 1. Fails to account for within-group 1. differences in achievement differences Explains high achievement but not low Why some Asians do poorly in school 2. Fails to consider structural 2. components, pre-migration, selectivity (Feliciano 2005) (Feliciano 2 Relative Functionalism: Combines elements of Relative cultural explanations with social and historical explanations explanations Because of social and historical discrimination of Because the past, Asian parents pushed their children in education in the hopes that they would have a better life better Since little options existed, education as only Since avenue for social mobility avenue Thus schooling is seen as FUNCTIONABLE for Thus success in society success Limitation of 2 Limitation Again, this perspective ignores within Again, group differences group Namely, it does not address low Namely, achievement among Asian Americans achievement Ignores, again, the structural factors in Ignores, achievement achievement 3 Cultural Ecologists: Identity, Historical Cultural Experiences, and Perceptions of Opportunities Affect School Performance Opportunities Voluntary versus involuntary Åsians do well because they are voluntary Come to the US freely Perceive schooling as positive Relative to home country, perceive social mobility Relative more attainable in US more Limitations of 3 Limitations Promotes the stereotype that Asians are a Promotes monolithic group with shared achievement levels and shared attitudes towards schooling schooling It does not explore within group It differences differences It does not explore low achievement It among Asian students among Examples of Differences Examples Stacey Lee (1996), Unraveling the Model Stacey Minority Stereotype Minority Identifies several self-identified Asian groups Identifies and distinct achievement levels in one high school school Korean-Identified: Conformed Asian-Identified: Some Conformed and Some did not New Wavers: Did not Conform MUCH VARIABILITY Things to Consider Things How does the school play in the formation of How distinct identities among Asian students? distinct How does the school context promote the Model How Minority typology? How do students challenge this and how do How students accept this? students How can the school serve to challenge the How model minority typology? model Is such a typology useful in the first place? Is Asian success structural or cultural? Where do we go from here? ...
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